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BLHS AP Gov't Exam Set #3
The Top 10 Acts of Congress
Terms in this set (10)
Civil Rights Act of 1964
- Enforced the 14th Amendment
- Ended Jim Crow segregation in hotels, motels, restaurants, and other places of public accommodation
- Prohibited discrimination in employment on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, or gender
- Created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to monitor and enforce protections against job discrimination
- Upheld by the Supreme Court on the grounds that segregation affected interstate commerce
Voting Rights Act of 1965
- Outlawed literacy tests and other discriminatory practices that had been responsible for disenfranchising African American voters.
- Provided for federal oversight of voter registration in areas with a history of discriminatory voting practices.
- Improved the voter registration disparity between whites and African Americans.
Clean Air Act (1970)
- Increased the power of the federal government relative to the states.
- Established national air quality standards.
- Required states to administer the new standards and to appropriate funds for their implementation.
- Included a provision allowing private citizens to bring lawsuits against individuals and corporations that violated the act.
War Powers Resolution (1973)
- Enacted to give Congress a greater voice in presidential decisions committing military forces to hostile situations overseas.
- Requires that the president notify Congress within 48 hours of deploying troops.
- Requires the president to bring troops home from hostilities within 60-90 days unless Congress extends the time.
Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974
- Enacted to help Congress regain powers previously lost to the executive branch.
- Created the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) to evaluate the president's budget.
- Established a budget process that includes setting overall levels of revenues and expenditures.
Federal Election Campaign Act (1974)
- Created the Federal Election Commission.
- Tightened reporting requirements for campaign contributions.
- Provided full public financing for major party candidates in the general election.
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
- Increased the power of the federal government relative to the power of the states
- Requires employers and public facilities to make "reasonable accommodations" for people with disabilities
- Prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in employment
- Extends the protections of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to people with physical or mental disabilities
Welfare Reform Act of 1996
- Increased the power of the states relative to the federal govt
- Replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program with block grants to the states
- Illustrated the process of devolution by giving states greater discretion to determine how to implement the federal goal of transferring people from welfare to work
No Child Left Behind Act (2001)
- Requires the states to set standards and measurable goals that can improve individual outcomes in education.
- Requires the states to develop assessments in basic skills to be given to all students in certain grades.
- Represents a dramatic expansion of the federal role in education.
USA Patriot Act (2001)
- Expands the definition of terrorism to include domestic terrorism
- Authorized searches of a home or business without the owner's or the occupant's permission or knowledge
- Increases the ability of law enforcement agencies to search telephone, e-mail communications, medical, financial, and other records
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