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Holt Earth Science Chapter 4
Terms in this set (33)
naturally occurring solid mixture that contains inorganic and organic matter
processes in which a rock forms, changes, is destroyed, and forms again
process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity moves soil and sediment from one location to another
process in which sediment is laid down to rest, such as in a body of water.
The chemical makeup of a rock
quality of a rock; based on the sizes, shapes, and positions of the rock's grains
intrusive igneous rock
Igneous rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma beneath the earth's surface
extrusive igneous rock
igneous rock that forms as a result of lava solidifying on or near the Earth's surface.
layers of rock.
process in which sedimentary rocks are arranged in layers
type of rock formed when particles from other rock (sediment) are compressed and cemented together
Igneous or sedimentary rock that has been changed into a new kind of rock by pressure and heat
Rock created when magma or lava cools and solidify s
mineral grains in metamorphic rock that are arranged in planes or bands (stripes)
mineral grains in metamorphic rock that are not arranged in planes or bands (stripes)
process of sticking sediment together
process of squeezing sediment together
Small fragments of rock created by weathering
process of wind, ice, rain, etc... breaking down rock
molten (melted) rock deep inside the Earth
when the earth's crust is lifted up
felsic igneous rock
igneous rock rich in elements such as sodium, potassium, and aluminum. These elements combine to form a light-colored rock.
mafic igneous rock
igneous rocks rich in elements such as iron, magnesium, and calcium. These elements combine to form a dark-colored rock
Clastic sedimentary rock
sedimentary rock that forms when fragments of other rocks are cemented together
Chemical sedimentary rock
sedimentary rock that forms when minerals crystallize out of water
Organic sedimentary rock
sedimentary rock that forms from the remains of
plants and animals
metamorphism that happens when rock is heated by nearby magma or is in contact with it
metamorphism that occurs when high pressures and temperatures cause the rock in a large area to change. Normally occurring deep under ground or at a tectonic boundary
is a change in the shape of a rock (squeezing or stretching) caused by metamorphic forces (high pressure and heat)
can indicate the temperature, pressure or depth at which a rock formed
Molten (melted) rock at the Earth's surface
a feature in some sedimentary rocks that forms by the motion of water or wind.
a feature in some sedimentary rocks that forms when wet mud dries out, shrinks, and cracks
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Sedimentary Rocks Review (adapted from CL)
Metamorphic Rocks Review (adapted from CL)
Parent Rocks Of Metamorphic Rocks
Rock Cycle Review (adapted from CL)
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