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Arts and Humanities
Coms 101 chapter 11
Terms in this set (15)
What are the basic principles?
1. your introduction and conclusion support the body of your speech
2. the body includes your main points and supporting material that supports your specific purpose and thesis statement
3. audiences expect you to spend the most time and effort amplifying your main points
a _____ speaker's presentation rambles from topic to topic as he or she struggles to ____ ideas
Your main points should be _______ ________: __
mutually exclusive: each point should be distinct
You main use equity pattern if you will
equity: if you will spend the same time on each point as you deliver the speech
You may use progressive pattern if you will
progress from from your least important point (devoting less time to it) to your most important point (devoting more time to it)
you may use the strongest point pattern if you will
progress instead from the strongest point (devoting more time to it) to your least important point (devoting less time to it)
Chronological organization presents
events in the order in which they occur it is appropriate for speeches in which your goal is to inform the audience about how an event occurred
past present future organization
presents an issue as it once was, then as it presently is, and then as it is likely to be in the future. The allows the speaker to provide perspective for a topic or issue that has a relevant history and future direction or potential
organization presents the main points by moving from one physical point to another
organization the most frequently used organizational system is not tied to time or space, problem or solution, or cause and effect, but instead to the unique needs of your topic. The nature and scope of your topic dictate the patter of your approach
What are transitions?
Words, phrases, or sentences that tell the audience how ideas relate and give your audience a means to follow your organization
What are internal previews?
are extended transitions that tell the audience in general terms what you will say next. They are frequently used in the body to outline in advance the details of a main point
What are internal summaries?
follow a main point and act as reminders. They are useful if you are trying to clarify or emphasize what you have just said
What is outlining?
the process of layering your ideas on paper so that every statement supports your thesis
What do you not include in your outline?
specific purpose and thesis statement since they are not necessary
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