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a political community that occupies a definite territory and has an organized government with the power to make and enforce laws without approval from any higher authority


a group of people who share the same race, language, customs, traditions, and sometimes religion


a country in which the territory of both the nation and state coincide


an agreement about basic beliefs


the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundaries


the institution through which the state maintains social order, provides public services, and enforces binding decisions on citizens

Social contract

the theory that people surrender to the state the power needed to maintain order, and the state, in turn, agrees to protect its citizens

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