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7 terms

Principles of Government

STUDY
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State
a political community that occupies a definite territory and has an organized government with the power to make and enforce laws without approval from any higher authority
Nation
a group of people who share the same race, language, customs, traditions, and sometimes religion
Nation-state
a country in which the territory of both the nation and state coincide
Consensus
an agreement about basic beliefs
Sovereignty
the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundaries
Government
the institution through which the state maintains social order, provides public services, and enforces binding decisions on citizens
Social contract
the theory that people surrender to the state the power needed to maintain order, and the state, in turn, agrees to protect its citizens