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AP Government Unit 4
Terms in this set (82)
those individuals who already hold office who are running for reelection. they usually win the election
casework/ constituent services
activities of members of congress that help constituents as individuals, particularly by cutting through bureaucratic red tape to get people what they think they have a right to get
federal projects, grants, and contracts available to state and local governments, businesses, colleges, and other institutions in a congressional district
a legislature divided into houses. congress and all state legislatures except Nebraska's are this
House Rules Committee
the committee in the House that reviews most bills coming from a House committee before they go to the full house
a strategy only in the Senate where opponents of a piece of legislation use their right to unlimited debate to prevent the Senate form ever voting on a bill
Speaker of the House
an office mandated by the Constitution. example: Paul Ryan
the principle partisan all of the Speaker of the House or the majority party's manager in the Senate. responsible for scheduling bills, influencing committee assignments, and rounding up votes on behalf of the party's legislative positions
party leaders who work with the majority leader to count voted beforehand and lean on waverers whose votes are crucial to the passage of a favored bill
principal leader of the minority part in the House or Senate
committees in each house of Congress that handle bills in different policy areas
committees on a few subject-matter areas with membership drawn from both houses
committees formed when the Senate and the House pass a bill in different forms. members create a compromise bill
committees appointed for a specific purpose, such as the Watergate investigation
congress's monitoring of the executive branch bureaucracy and its administration of policy, performed mainly through committee hearings
leader of committees who schedule hearings, hiring staff, appointing subcommittees, and managing committee bills when they are brought before the full house; have important influence on the congressional agenda
a simple rule for picking committee chairs by the member who has served on the committee the longest and whose party controls the chamber becoming chair
a group of members of congress sharing some interest or characteristic
a proposed law drafted in legal language
of or involving the agreement or cooperation of two political parties that usually oppose each other's policies.
Christmas Tree Bill
referring to a bill that attracts many, often unrelated, floor amendments
is a procedural maneuver that prohibits any amendments to bills up for a vote on the House floor, unless they are recommended by the committee reporting the bill
a procedure for ending a debate and taking a vote.
being a voting member of a community or organization and having the power to appoint or elect
a person sent or authorized to represent others, in particular an elected representative sent to a conference
a means of bringing a bill out of committee and to the floor for consideration without a report from the committee by "discharging" the committee from further consideration of a bill or resolution
a congressional directive that funds should be spent on a specific project
allows Members of Congress to transmit mail matter under their signature without postage
have vague and general ideals on policies
particular subject and become a subject matter expert to know about the laws and government in that area
a set of regulations for debate on the floor of the House of Representatives which permits general debate and allows members to offer amendments
use one's authority to reject or cancel
strong allegiance to one's own political party, often leading to unwillingness to compromise with members of the opposing party
A meeting of the members of a political party to decide questions of policy
A form of veto in which the president fails to sign a bill passed by both houses within ten days and Congress has adjourned during that time
president pro tempore
a high-ranking senator of the majority party who presides over the US Senate in the absence of the vice president
Redistribution of representation in a legislative body, especially the periodic re-allotment of US congressional seats according to changes in the census figures as required by the Constitution
divide or organize into new political districts
a firm decision to do or not to do something
a resolution adopted by both houses of a legislative assembly that does not require the signature of the chief executive and that does not have the force of law
an additional provision added to a bill or other measure under the consideration by a legislature, having little connection with the subject matter of the bill
An elected office that is predictably won by one party or the other, so the success of that party's candidate is almost taken for granted
a system in which the president submits the name of a candidate for judicial appointment to the senators from the candidate's state before formally submitting it for full senate approval
congressmen who use their own best interest
process by which a U.S congressional committee or state legislative session debates, amends, and rewrites proposed legislation
legislator supports a proposal favored by another in return for support in his or her
power, salary, and health benefits
why would someone want to be a congressman?
25 years old and citizen for 7 years
requirements to be a US House representative
30 years old and citizen for 9 years
requirements to be US Senator
reside in state
characteristic required for both House and Senate members
is the makeup of congress proportional to American society?
are men and women seen equally in elections?
election of incumbent
what is the most predictable aspect of congressional elections?
are incumbents successful in reelection bids?
scandal/corruption, gerrymandering, and party favor flips
when are incumbents most vulnerable at election time?
is filibustering in the Senate or House?
House Rules Committee in the House and filibustering in the Senate
what is a major difference in passing a bill between senate and House
conference, joint, standing, special/select
name all the committees in congress
are standing committees long term or short term?
are joint committees long term or short term?
are conference committees long term or short term?
are special/ select committees long term or short term?
who can write a bill?
an elected member
who can purpose a bill to congress?
white house and interest groups
where does congress get ideas for bills?
refers to the divergence of political attitudes to ideological extremes
listen, ignore, or ideology
what are the three "roles" legislators can play when deciding their position on a policy?
former congress members who take part in trying to influence legislators
how many representatives in the House?
how many senators?
representing constituents by reflecting their personal, politically relevant characteristics
speak for the interests of groups to which they do not belong
childcare, bias, consideration of risk
why are there not more women running/elected for congress?
advertising, credit claiming, position taking, weak opponents, and campaign spending
name the five advantages of incumbency
when an incumbent is not running
when does the most overturn occur?
where do bills dealing with revenue originate?
how many votes are required for cloture?
by the majority party
how is the Speaker of the House elected?
who is president of the senate?
who is the most powerful leader in the senate?
ways and means committee
committee that deals with taxes for the House
committee that creates rule for the House