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Arts and Humanities
World History Cold War
Terms in this set (72)
nations with the economic resources and military might to dominate the globe
state of tension and hostility between nations aligned with the United States on one side and the Soviet Union on the other
President Truman committed the U.S. to support countries resisting communism and socialism; the beginning of containment policy
A U.S. foreign policy adopted by President Harry Truman in the late 1940s, in which the United States tried to stop the spread of communism by creating alliances and helping weak countries to resist Soviet advances
a plan for aiding the European nations in economic recovery after World War II in order to stabilize and rebuild their countries and prevent the spread of communism.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
An international organization that has joined together for military purposes
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO
relaxation of tensions between the United States and its two major Communist rivals, the Soviet Union and China
Communist leader of Cuba
John F. Kennedy
President of the US during the Bay of Pigs Invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis
a system of ideas and ideals, especially one that forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy.
A Soviet leader during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Also famous for denouncing Stalin and allowed criticism of Stalin within Russia.
Restricted social freedoms and silenced critics of the party, Focused on foreign affairs, especially fighting off threats to communism, Economy worsened under his control and Died in office
Chinese Communist leader from 1949 to 1976.
The process seen in the Soviet Union and Communist China to form communal work units for agriculture and manufacturing--from private hands to large, collective, government operations.
Meeting among leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union in 1943; agreed to support Iranian independence post WWII
Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
leader of Iran whom CIA helped bring to power in 1953; his secular gov't collapsed as Shia Muslims ran him out of the country; Islamist movement then installed Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini as leader
Pahlavi's secret police who arrested and tortured opponents of the Shah
Iranian Revolution (1979)
a popular uprising in Iran in 1978-79 that resulted in the toppling of the monarchy and led to the establishment of an Islamic republic.
Shiite religious leader of Iran, led the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran and ordered the invasion of the US Embassy.
Iranian Hostage Crisis
In 1979, Iranian fundamentalists seized the American embassy in Tehran and held fifty-three American diplomats hostage for over a year. The Iranian hostage crisis weakened the Carter presidency; the hostages were finally released on January 20, 1981, the day Ronald Reagan became president.
A movement to create a Jewish homeland in Palestine
UN Partition Plan of 1947
The United Nations tried to create one state for Palestinians & one state for the Jews
First Prime Minister of Israel
Arab-Israeli War 1948
broke out when five Arab nations invaded territory in the former Palestinian mandate immediately following the announcement of the independence of the state of Israel on May 14, 1948
Suez Canal Crisis 1956
Egypt's dictator, Abdul Gamal Nasser, a former army officer who had led the coup that overthrew King Farouk, nationalized the Suez Canal in 1956, and was attacked by British, French and Israeli forces. The U.S. intervened on behalf of Egypt. Damaged Britain and France's standing as world powers.
Gamal Abdul Nasser
President of Egypt who nationalized Suez Canal, and built a relationship with USSR over the Aswan High Dam
Policy of the US that it would defend the Middle East against attack by any Communist country
Six Day War, 1967
Military conflict between Israel and its Arab neighbors, including Syria, Egypt, and Jordan. The war ended with an Israeli victory and territorial expansion into the Sinai Peninsula, the Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip, and the West Bank.
a peninsula in northeastern Egypt
an area between Israel and Jordan on the west bank of the Jordan river
A region that was formerly part of Southwest Syria that Israel has occupied since 1967 war.
Yom Kippur War, 1973
After Egypt and Syria attacked Israel, the Israeli military defeated the Arab armies. U.S. support
of Israel led to an Arab boycott of oil to the United States.
OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries)
An international oil cartel originally formed in 1960. Represents the majority of all oil produced in the world. Attempts to limit production to raise prices.
The 1970s oil boycott (embargo) against the US for supporting Israel
Camp David Accords, 1979
agreement reached between the leaders of Israel and Egypt after protracted negotiations brokered by President Carter; Israel surrendered land seized in earlier wars and Egypt recognized Israel as a nation. Despite high hopes, it did not lead to a permanent peace in the region, however.
Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)
This organization formed in 1964 with the purpose of creating a homeland for Palestinians in Israel
the Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, beginning in 1987.
Oslo Accords, 1993
Settlements of pro-Israel, Americanized constructions where Israel agrees to let Palestinians govern a select few cities
Leader of the PLO
Israeli Prime Minister who signed the Oslo Accords which gave Palestinians in Gaza & West Bank limited self-rule
Political Changes under Mao
Class privileges ended but one-party dictatorship
and denied people basic rights and freedoms
Great Leap Forward
economic and social plan used in China from 1958 to 1961 which aimed to use China's vast population to rapidly transform the country from an agrarian economy into a modern industrial society.
large collectivized farms, created by Mao
Mao's Little Red Book
a book of Mao Zedong's quotes and thoughts that was studied as the primary source of education in Chinese schools
Campaign in China ordered by Mao Zedong to purge the Communist Party of his opponents and instill revolutionary values in the younger generation.
The Red Guard
The youths who led Mao's Cultural Revolution. Wore red arm bands and carried his book. Terrorized Chinese citizens and determined who went to camps.
Old Customs, Old Culture, Old Habits, and Old Ideas.
member of the atomic weapons nations
Ping Pong Diplomacy
Nixon administration's visits to Communist China.
Leader of China from 1976 to 1997 whose reforms essentially dismantled the communist elements of the Chinese economy.
Tiananmen Square Massacre, 1989
Students protested in hopes of gaining democratic reform. Government sent in troops and crushed the protest using violence against the students.
The Soviet Union's economic plan in Eastern Europe - their response to the Marshall Plan.
The blockade was a Soviet attempt to starve out the allies in Berlin in order to gain supremacy. The blockade was a high point in the Cold War.
airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union
Invasion of Hungary
Soviet Invasion of Hungary. On October 23, 1956, a Budapest student rally in support of Polish efforts to win autonomy from the Soviet Union sparked mass demonstrations.
First artificial Earth satellite, it was launched by Moscow in 1957 and sparked U.S. fears of Soviet dominance in technology and outer space. It led to the creation of NASA and the space race.
A wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
Cuban Missile Crisis
The 1962 confrontation between US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba.
A prolonged war between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States.
Invasion of Czechoslovakia (1968)
Soviet troops used military force to crush attempt by the Czechs to become independent of communist control.
Invasion of Afghanistan
Soviet Union invades Afghanistan in 1979. U.S. aides Afghan rebels
Fall of the Berlin Wall
1989 Beginning of the fall of communism and the Soviet Union symbolized the failure of communism and massive socialism
Fall of USSR and Communism
Eastern Bloc countries abandoned communist governments, beginning in Poland demanding free elections and the Soviet Union officially dissolved 1991
Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms
The Cold War
An era of political tension between 1945 and 1991 in which the U.S. and U.S.S.R competed for world influence but avoided armed conflict with each other by fighting via proxies instead.
strategy meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin that led to support of the United Nations
The final wartime meeting of the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War.
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world
Iron Curtain Speech
Churchill encouraged all English speaking nations to bond together and fight communism
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