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The Cold War
Terms in this set (24)
United Nations (UN)
An institution dedicated to promoting dialogue among countries with the goal of maintaining world peace and preventing another global war.
Post WWII Germany
divided into occupation zones between U.K., French, U.S., and U.S.S.R., would be eventually divided into "East" (Soviet) and "West" (NATO) Germany, with the west under U.S. control and east under soviet control.
a plan for aiding the European nations in economic recovery after World War II in order to stabilize and rebuild their countries and prevent the spread of communism.
The term associated with Senator Joseph McCarthy who led the search for communists in America during the early 1950s through his leadership in the House Un-American Activities Committee.
Cuban Missile Crisis
The 1962 confrontation bewteen US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
1949 alliance of nations that agreed to band together in the event of war (and Soviet Aggression) and to support and protect each nation involved
Communist dictator of Cuba who came into power in 1959.
Conflict that began with North Korea's invasion of South Korea and came to involve the United Nations (primarily the United States) allying with South Korea and the People's Republic of China allying with North Korea.
1947, President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology, mainly helped Greece and Turkey
Nixon in China
Nixon aimed to restore relations with the Communist China upon its public split from its ally, the Soviet Union; relations were pretty much restored; Soviet Union hated this
The "new look" defense policy of the Eisenhower administration of the 1950's was to threaten "massive retaliation" with nuclear weapons in response to any act of aggression by a potential enemy (Soviet Union)
Lyndon Johnson and Vietnam
Declared US into the Vietnam War, the increase of sending troops resulted in a national draft. This war led to the 26th amendment
US policy to stop expansion of Soviet Union and Communism established by the Truman Doctrine.
President Nixon's policy of replacing American military forces with those of South Vietnam
A break-in at the Democratic National Committee offices in the Watergate complex in Washington was carried out under the direction of White House employees. Disclosure of the White House involvement in the break-in and subsequent cover-up forced President Nixon to resign in 1974 to avoid impeachment.
Bay of Pigs Invasion
failed invasion of Cuba in 1961 when a force of 1,200 Cuban exiles, backed by the United States, landed at the Bay of Pigs.
A prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Soviet Union and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States.
An economic system based on private property and free enterprise.
A theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.
The Korean War ended with
a stalemated armistice and continued division of North and South Korea.
Julian and Ethel Rosenberg
Charged with being a Soviet spy. Fueled American's fear of communism.
"peace with honor" in Vietnam
Nixon's way of ending the US involvement in Vietnam.
Treatment of Vietnam veterans
Veterans returning home faced
indifference and hostility
president during part of the Cold War, famous quote "Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country", was assassinated in 1963 in Dallas, Texas.
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