1660-1790 CE: Reverence for logic and disdain for superstition. Restoration Period (e.g., John Dryden, John Lock, Aphra Behn, Samuel Pepys). Augustan Age (e.g., Steele, Swift, Alexander Pope). Age of Johnson (e.g., Dr. Samuel Johnson, Boswell, Edward Gibbon). 1830s-1860s: Broad sense of the word, lasted until the beginning/through the Civil War; white men polarized, other authors from different backgrounds added later, closely associated with Transcendentalism (e.g., Whitman, Hawthorne, Poe, Melville, Emerson, Thoreau, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Frederick Douglass). This is a conclusion based on the premise that if A happens, then eventually through a series of small steps, through B, C,..., X, Y, Z will happen, too, basically equating A and Z. So, if we don't want Z to occur A must not be allowed to occur either.