Terms in this set (71)
poetic feet are short-short-long, usually in a limerick.
Repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several clauses
Anxiety of influence
Writers are filled with anxiety and have no new ideas, so they struggle against previous generations of writers (Harold Bloom)
Short, witty, wise saying
A turn from the general audience to address a specific group of persons (or a personified abstraction) who is absent
Repetition of the same sound in words close to one another ("white stripes")
A break in the rhythm of language, particularly a natural pause in a line of verse
a specific type of metaphor that compares two things that are very different. The reader is aware of the dissimilarities between the two things, but a conceit broadens the reader's awareness of the complexity of the things and provides a clever juxtaposition. Extended metaphor.
Repetition of the final consonant sound in words ("stroke of luck")
Metrical foot of three syllables, first syllable is stressed & next two are unstressed
Death of the author
Separates the author from the work
Run-on line (poetry). A sentence in poetry carries over from line to line
Descriptive word or phrased used to refer to a person or thing ("the father of psychology" is Sigmund Freud)
Science of text interpretation
Two rhyming lines of poetic verse written in iambic pentameter
The reader sees a character's errors, but the character does not
The writer says one thing and means another
The purpose of a particular action differs greatly from the result
An accidental pun or play on words that occurs because two words got mixed up in the speaker's mind (Who's on first?)
One word is substituted for another with which it is closely associated
Attributing human feelings to inanimate objects or animals
Metrical foot with two stressed syllables
Juxtaposition of one sensory image with another that appeals to an unrelated sense (Dante's "the region where the sun is silent")
poem with six stanzas of six lines and a final triplet, all stanzas have the same six words at the line ends in six different sequences that follow a fixed pattern
19-line poem consisting of five tercets (three-line stanzas) with the rhyme scheme ABA and a final quatrain of ABAA
Subgenre of Romanticism characterized by dark and picturesque scenery, startling and melodramatic narrative devices, and n overall atmosphere of mystery and dread
Features a rogue main character living by his or her wits and told in a string of loosely connected events (Huck Finn)
Phrase or statement written in memory of a person, especially on a tombstone
How to foster students' motivation to read and learn
Use non-print materials (Internet, film, music, art)
Help students improve their digital literacy
Create authentic literacy experiences
Connect students' prior knowledge and interests with texts
Select good texts & other lesson materials
Activating prior knowledge
Use concrete experience or opject, pretest, have preparational discussions, anticipation guides
Identifying important information
Predicting and verifying
Summarizing and note-taking
Identifying cause and effect
Thinking about thinking. Have students think about their reading and writing processes, analyzing and understanding what goes on in their minds
Two students take turns reading aloud, asking one another questions, clarifying understanding, and making predictions.
Like reciprocal teaching, but teacher works with whole class taking turns reading aloud
Bloom's taxonomy. Teachers should use questions that mandate students to function on multiple levels of Bloom's taxonomy
"Uplifting instruction" - provide structural support to a student in a learning situation. As they become more capable, gradually remove your support.
annotation, notes, questioning, summaries, verbal explanation.
Like a pretest, but not a test; a series of open-ended questions or opinion questions that address various themes, vocab words, and concepts that will appear in an upcoming text.
Semantic feature analysis
cause and effect
problem and solution
Approach to note-taking (survey, question, read, recite, review)
The analysis of how sounds function in a language or dialect
The study of the structure of words
Two independent clauses
One independent clause, one or more dependent clauses.
two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses
Noun to which a pronoun refers
A word has two or more meanings
The associations connected to a certain word or the emotional suggestions related to it
Languge intended to be evasive or to conceal, or to make negative concepts less harsh ("passed away" for died, "let go" for got fired, etc.)
The specialized language of a particular group or culture.
A witty understatement that dismisses or diminishes someone or something ('tis but a flesh wound)
Works better when you link words and roots of words with one another and with themes/concepts, as opposed to memorization of definitions
Journal writing, autobiographies, diaries, blogs, essays, etc.
Resumes, cover letters, applications, business letters, etc.
Interviews, accounts, profiles, & descriptions written to capture the meaning of the subject being written about
Stories, poetry, drama, etc. Implies audience (without an audience, it's kind of like personal writing)
Rhetorical strategies, editorials, arguments, commentaries, advertisements
Essays, research papers, bibliographies
Stages of the Writing Process
Evaluating Source Materials
1. Check author, year published, publisher, etc.
2. Read a portion of the material.
3. For digital sources, also check:
- Starts with a mini-lesson led by the teacher or a capable student, based on individual and group instructional needs
- Teacher asks each student to provide a brief update on what he or she will be working on during the workshop
- Writing time, students work alone or with a partner or the teacher to advance through the stages of the writing process. Teacher confers with students. Optional peer revising or editing.
- Sharing, teacher selects a few students to share aspects of their writing
Speaking & Discussion Skills
Focus on one topic
Set specific goals and deadlines
Pose and respond to specific questions with elaboration and detail, citing texts as appropriate
Review key ideas, understand multiple perspectives
Interpret multimedia information and explain how it contributes to the discussion or topic
Present an argument using specific claims, evidence, and effective rhetorical devices
Pay attention to nonverbal cues
Face the speaker and maintain eye contact
Evaluate the speaker's point of view
Wait for the speaker to pause before you start speaking
Check for understanding and ask good questions
Empathize with the speaker
Provide regular feedback to the speaker
Delineate a speaker's argument and specific claims
Methods to teach Speaking & Listening
Debate, dialogue, fishbowl, inside circle/outside circle, panel, performance, presentation, socratic seminar, speech, TED talk, think-pair-share
Small portion of the class sits in a circle in the center of the class and engages in dialogue. The rest of the class listens to and observes the fishbowl. Teacher occasionally pauses conversation to hear feedback from listeners, and teacher chooses new students for the fishbowl.
Students gather their own thoughts individually and pair up with a nearby classmate and share their thoughts on the topic
Writer explains the relationships between terms or concepts
Topic sentence is stated and followed by details
Details stated first, followed by topic sentence
Writer describes a person place, or thing and organizes the description in a logical manner
Ad hominem argument
Attacks a person rather than their position; relies on feelings or prejudice rather than logic and reason.