central city of Minoan civilization
the Iliad and the Odyssey
fortified place and religious center
open area used as a market and meeting place
brought democracy to athens
home of the greek gods
believed "the unexamined life is not worth living"
the greatest historian of the ancient world
Aristarchus of Samos
astronomer in the Hellenistic Age
launched a building program that turned Rome into a city
less wealthy landholders, craftspeople, merchants, and small farmers.
a government by three people with equal power
Antony and Cleopatra
comitted suicide after being defeated by Octavian
head of the Roman family
favored cooperation with the Romans
Theodosius the Great
made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire
German tribe that sacked Rome
deposed by Germanic head of the army, marking the fall of the Western Roman Empire
nomadic Arabs who lived in the desert rather than in towns
journey of Muhammad and his followers to Madinah
"struggle in the way of God"
chief Islamic religious authority
wrote a medical encyclopedia that stressed contagious nature of diseases
Muslim crier who calls the faithful to prayer five times a day
most famous section of the Great Mosque of Samarra
Muslim historian who wrote Muqaddima (Introduction to History)
amount of money paid by a criminal to the family of the person he had killed or injured
strengthened the power of the papacy
German noble who acted as the king's representative in a certain local area
people from western Asia who settled on the plains of Hungary
the heart of feudalism
the grant of land made to a vassal
first census since Roman times
created the first French parliament
codified Roman law, resulting in The Body of Civil Law
Richard the Lionhearted
negotiated a settlement with Saladin to allow Christians access to Jerusalem
Earth at the center of a series of concetric spheres
first European to study stars using a telescope
the intellectuals of the Enlightment
developed a philosophy based on the idea" I think, therefore I am"
idea that the state should not interfere with the economy
architect of the Church of the Fourteen Saints
commander in chief of the Continental Army
Articles of Confederation
the American nation's first constitution
Bill of Rights
ten amendments that guranteed certain freedoms
sent the first radio waves across the Atlantic
provided a new source of power in transportation
Marxists who rejected the revolutionary approach
made up nearly 80 percent of the European population in the early 1900's
founded the Women's Social and Political Union
idea that the prime minister is responsible to the lesgislative body and not to the executive officer
Germany,Austria-Hungary, and Italy
discovered the first radioactive element, radium
published major new theories of human behavior in The Interpretation of Dreams
Impressionist painter who sought to capture the interplay of light, water, and sky
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