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46 terms

terrorism

like rachels basically but with more from the ppt
STUDY
PLAY
Terrorism
the unlawful use of force or violence against individuals or property to coerce or intimidate governments or societies to achieve political, religious, or idealoigal goals
premeditated
characteristic of terrorism: planned in advance rather than an impulsive act of rage
political
characteristic of terrorism: not criminal like violence that such as the mafia use to get money, but designed to change the existing political order
aimed at civilians
characteristic of terrorism: not aimed at military targets or combat-ready troops
sub-national groups
characteristic of terrorism: not carried out by the army of a country
terrorism
the intentional, rational, and targeted use of violence
fear
terrorism is intended to cause what in people
false
t/f attacks geared at specific victim
behavior
goal is to change ___ in government or society
attention
goal is to bring ____ to the cause
political
the goals are _____
yes
y/n Rules of international law governing military combat and tactics are not observed
Reign of Terror
where the word "terrorism" was first coined
French
practiced government sponsored terrorism to maintain the balance of power
Anarchists
practiced individual terrorism to change the government by targeting specific people
Russian Revolution
expanded government sponsored terrorism, used terror on a mass scale to control population
Irish Rebellion
used selective terrorism by using terror on government representatives
End of World War II
use of terrorism to prevent colonialism against government and "collaborator" civilians
Middle East Conflict/Cold War
internationalization terrorism practiced to unify different terrorist groups and was the advent of state sponsored terrorism
The Middle East
practiced religious motivated terrorism like the suicide bomber and martyrdom, terrorism to protect Islam and fight the christian West
Mass Destruction
type of terrorism that uses weapons that cause structural damage to buildings or other structures, attempts to cause damage to infastructures or society
Mass Casualty
uses weapons that cause massive death, goal is to cause death rather than destruction of buildings
Mass Disruption
weapons that cause social, political, or economic damage to society, goal to psychologically impact broader society to change behavior
Objective Driven
an act commited in order to get certain demands met by a government
Hostage taking
an example of objective driven terrorism
Terror Driven
an act committed as retalliation for a percieved wrong or as a warning of future incidents if the intended audience does not comply with the demands of the perpetrator
WTC and Pentagon attacks
an example of terror driven attack
anyone
who can be a victim to terrorism
no
y/n targets are random
publicity
what do attack need in order to get the word out
true
t/f everything cant be protected at alll times
IRA, Kurdistan WP, Basques, PLO
Nationalists
Al-Qaeda and Hammas
Religious
Hezbollah and Abu Nidal
State Sponsored
Nov. 17, Tupac Amaru, ELF
Left WIng
KKK and Neo Nazi hate groups
Right WIng
groups existed in the late 1800s and early 1900s with not organized groups left
Anarchists
AOC, Shining Path, Taliban
Narco
unknown
Cyber
Iran, Syria, Cuba, N. Korea, Sudan
the states that sponsor terrorism
Goal of terrorism
to instill fear in a group or change its behavior
Warfare
the act is the objective, no intent to change behavior, or instill fear in a group beyond the project
no
is this terrorism? A nation assassinates another nation's leader in order to replace him with another.
yes
is this terrorism? An abortion doctor is killed as a warning to other doctors who commit abortions
Afghanistan, Colombia, Chechnya, Pakistan, Indonesia, Philippines, Syria, Palestine, Somalia, Yemen, Iraq, Lebanon
examples of havens for terrorists
poor government, rough terrain, tribal rivalries, ethnic/ religious divisions, poverty, corruption
why does terrorism orignate in the places it does?