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44 terms

AP Euro Ch. 13

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why the puritans fled England
Because James I became determined to maintain and enhance the Anglican episcopy
The Petition of Right
forbade forced loans without the consent of Parliament
Charles I did not call Parliament from 1629 until 1640 when
England went to war with Scotland
One of the notorious extra-Parliamentary taxes of Charles I was called
ship money
the policy of "thorough" refers to
Charles I's attempt at strickt efficiency and administrative centralization
Charles I's major opposition in Parliament came from
JOhn Pym
The "Long Parliament"
refers to the Parliament called after Scottish invasion in 1640, and resolved that Parliament could not be dissolved without itis own consent
The major accomplishment of the Long Parliament
a declaration of political and religious rights against royal government
All of these contributed to the decline of the Netherlands as a European power except
the Spanish invasion
Roundheads
supporters of parliament
cavaliers
supporters of Charles
Parlilament's victory was because of the
Scottish alliance and Cromwell's military reforms
The Hohenzollerns made a powerful state of...
Prussia
"Rump Parliament"
abolished the House of Lords, abolished the Anglican church, and consisted of less than 50 members
England was officially called __ from 1649 to 1660, but was in fact a military despotism
Puritan republic led by Cromwell
Cromwell's official title
Lord Protector
Parlieament readily supported the monarchy of Charles II because of
dissatisfaction with Cromwell's Puritan republic
Charles II was
a man of considerable charm and political skill
Clarendon Code was a series of laws which
excluded Roman Catholics, Presbyterians, adn Independents from the political life of the nation
Peter the Great was threatened by a plot by his
son
Peter the Great's policies were aimed at
reducing the power of the nobility
Test Act of 1672
was aimed at Charles II's brother, James, required all subjects to swear an oath against the doctrine of transubstantiation, and was passed by Parliament
Popish Plot
was the hysteria surrounding a supposed attempt to execute Charles II
Charles II ___ in his last years of reign
did not call Parliament
The goal of James II's domestic policies was to
subject English institutions to the pwoer of the monarchy
Politically, the Glorious Revolution replaced
James II with William III of Orange and Mary II
"Traditional liberties" that William of Orange's invasion preserved were
the Anglican church and Parliamentary government
The Gloriouso Revolution
provided religious tolerance for Protestants, but not for Catholics
The Act of Settlement of 1701
provided for the English crown to go to the House of Hanover if Anne was not survived by her children
The Russian Czar was responsible for the Europeanization of Russia was
Peter the Great
France differed from England in its political development in the seventeenth century by
moving toward an absolute monarchy
Under Louis XIII, the government was run by
Cardinal Richelieu, who promoted campaigns against the Huguenots
"one king, one law, one faith" was policy of
Louis XIV
Louis XIV's success in expanding the French monarchy depended on gaining the support of:
the nobility
the basic problem facing the Habsburg Empire was
diverse culture
Which best characterizes the policies of Richelieu
support the Catholic cause at home, but the Protestant cause in Germany
which prase best sums up the spirit of Louis XIV's government?
I am the state
The Fronde was
a rebellion of French nobility and townspeople
Louis XIV held court at
Versailles
the dominant political power of the Muslim world in the 16 and 17 centuries was the
Ottomans
Louis XIV's brilliant master of finance was
Colbert
Jansenists were
Catholics whose ideas were considered by Louis XIV
The revocation of the Edict of Nantes by Louis XIV
led to the emigration of a quarter million French, was a major blunder of Louis' reign, and closed Protestant schools and exiled Protestant ministers
Peter the Great built a western style navy on the
Baltic Sea