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20 terms

Vocabulary Workshop - Level D - Unit 1

Page 21
STUDY
PLAY
admonish
(v.) to caution and advise against something; to scold mildly; to remind of a duty - SYNONYMS: warn, call on the carpet - ANTONYMS: praise, pat on the back
breach
(n.) an opening, gap, rupture, rift; a violation or infraction; (v.) to create a opening, break through - ANTONYMS: (v.) close, seal
brigand
(n.) a bandit, robber, outlaw, highwayman
circumspect
(adj.) careful, cautious - SYNONYMS: wary, prudent, guarded - ANTONYMS: incautious, rash, reckless, heedless
commandeer
(v.) to seize for military or official use - SYNONYMS: take over, requisition, expropriate
cumbersome
(adj.) clumsy, hard to handle; slow-moving - SYNONYMS: unwieldy, ponderous - ANTONYMS: manageable, easy to handle
deadlock
(n.) a standstill resulting from the opposition of two equal forces or factions; (v.) to bring to such a standstill - SYNONYMS: standoff, stalemate, impasse
debris
(n.) scattered fragments, wreckage - SYNONYMS: rubble, detritus, flotsam and jetsam
diffuse
(v.) to spread or scatter freely or widely; (adj.) wordy, long winded, or unfocused; scattered or widely spread - SYNONYMS: (v.) disperse; (adj.) rambling, verbose, prolix - ANTONYMS: (v.) concentrate; (adj.) brief, concise, succinct
dilemma
(n.) a difficult or perplexing situation or problem - SYNONYMS: predicament, quandary, pickle, bind - ANTONYM: cinch
efface
(v.) to wipe out; to keep oneself from being noticed - SYNONYMS: blot out, erase, obliterate, expunge
muddle
(v.) to make a mess of; muddle though: to get by; (n.) a hopeless mess - SYNONYMS: (v.) jumble, mess up; (n.) confusion, disorder - ANTONYMS: (n.) orderliness, tidiness, neatness
opinionated
(adj.) stubborn and often unreasonable in holding to ones own ideas, having a closed mind. - SYNONYMS: obstinate, pigheaded, inflexible - ANTONYMS: open-minded, reasonable
perennial
(adj.) lasting for a long time, persistent; (n.) a plant that lives for many years - SYNONYMS: (adj.) enduring, recurring - ANTONYMS: (adj.) brief, short-lived, fleeting, ephemeral
predispose
(v.) to incline to beforehand - SYNONYM: make susceptible to - ANTONYMS: immunize against, shield from
relinquish
(v.) to let go, give up - SYNONYMS: surrender, abandon - ANTONYMS: hold on to, keep, retain, cling to
salvage
(v.) to save from fire or shipwreck; (n.) property thus saved - SYNONYMS: (v.) rescue, recover, retrieve, reclaim - ANTONYMS: (v.) abandon, scrap, junk
spasmodic
(adj.) sudden and violent but brief; fitful; intermittent - SYNONYMS: (v.) irregular, occasional - ANTONYMS: steady, continuous, chronic
spurious
(adj.) not genuine, not true, not valid - SYNONYMS: false, counterfeit, fraudulent, bogus - ANTONYMS: genuine, authentic, bona fide, valid
unbridled
(adj.) uncontrolled, lacking in restraint - SYNONYMS: unrestrained, unchecked - ANTONYMS: restrained, held in check, muted