70 terms

Lit Terms

STUDY
PLAY
Simile
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
Metaphor
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
Personification
A figure of speech in which an animal, an object, or an idea is given human form or characteristics
allusion
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
antithesis
opposition, or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction
apostrophe
a figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction
euphemism
an inoffensive expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive
hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration
verbal irony
occurs when what is said contradicts what is meant or thought
situational irony
occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected, or events turn out to be the opposite from what one had expected
dramatic irony
when a reader is aware of something that a character isn't
metonymy
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')
oxymoron
conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')
paradox
(logic) a self-contradiction
pun
a humorous play on words
synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part
understatement
a statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said
diction
the manner in which something is expressed in words
connotation
the implied or associative meaning of a word
denotation
the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression
imagery
the sensory images the words create
mood
the atmosphere and feelings the text creates
tone
the writer's additude
speaker
the voice or narrator of a poem- not nesseccarily the writer
symbol
an item that represents something else: something that stands for an idea, quality, or other abstraction
binary opposition
"opposites" around which the text is structured, providing balance, symmetry, contrast, unity, and thematic significance. ex: the Doctor and the Master
motif
a reacurring word or image in text. ex: Bad Wolf
theme
the meaning or central insight of a piece of literature. what the writer is trying to say
intertextuality
realated to allusion. when another text is referred to in a text, the meaning expands
onomatopoeia
a word that imitates the sound associated with it
alliteration
a repeated consonant sound at the beginnings of words that are close to one another
consonance
a repeated consonant sound within or at the end of words
assonance
a repeated vowel sound in words that are close to one another
dissonance
harsh or discordant sounds
euphony
mellifluous, pleasing sounds
rhyme
words with endings that sound the same at the end of the lines
sight rhyme
words that look like they should rhyme (spelled the same) but don't
slant rhyme
words that almost rhymes
internal rhymes
words within a line that rhyme
structure
the arrangement of parts or elements of a poem; the way the poem is built/constructed. The form of a poem is also part of it's content/meaning
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem
stanza
the paragraphs or sections of a poem. a group of lines. blank space is between stanza
couplet
two lines of roughly that same length that rhyme
tercet
a three-line stanza
quatrain
a four-line poem or stanza
sestet
six lines of poetry with a unifying rhyme scheme. also, the final six lines of a sonnet
octave
eight lines of poetry with a unifying rhyme scheme. also, the first eight lines of a sonnet
metre
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
foot
the smallest unit of rhythm
iamb
the most common foot in english poetry: an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
iambic pentameter
five iambs on a line. ten syllables.
blank verse
unrhymed iambic petameter
caesura
punctuation within a line- it alters the pace
enjambement
the grammatical sentance continues form one line to the next
repetition
repeated words or phrases. repitition provides unity, pattern, and emphasis
free verse
a poem without rhyme or rythm common in modern poetry
descriptive
an impersonal poem that describes something
haiku
a three-line descriptive poem consisting of seventeen sylables
lyric
a poem in which the speaker expresses strong thoughts and feelings
ode
a lyric poem that praises a person, place, thing, or event
sonnet
a lyric poem that consists of fourteen lines with an intricate rhyme scheme
narrative
a poem that tells a story; consequntly, it has a beginning, middle, and end
ballad
a narrative poem designed to be sung
epic
a long narrative poem, often detailing heroic acts
dramatic
a poem containing dialouge; a play written in verse
concrete
a poem whose shapes closely reflects it's content- text is arranged on the page to resemble it's subject
elegy
a poem of mourning
found
excerpting and arranging text to create new text
light verse
entertaining poetry designed to laugh at human foibles
limerick
short, humourous poem. five lines; aabba 9/8-9/8-5/6-5/6-9/8