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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Using coughing or throat clearing
  2. Formant
  3. Nativist Interpretation
  4. Apraxia of Speech
  5. dysphonia
  1. a phonation disorder/dysphonic voice can be hoarse or weak, or excessively breathy, harsh, or rough, but some kind of phonation is still possible/
  2. b Noam Chomsky most famous language nativist-child does not need to learn what al human languages have in common(UG);only needs to learn what is unique to his or her specific language
    principles(innate) and parameters(acquired quickly)
    Language acquisitions device(LAD)
    innate ability to acquire language
    The Nativist Perspective in Review-we have not ruled out the nativist basis contention, which is that human beings are born with an innate capacity for language.
  3. c refers to peaks in the harmonic spectrum of complex sound
  4. d difficulty in the appropriate coordination of the motor movements required to produce well formed speech sounds.
  5. e is an effective treatment to produce phonation in Aphonia

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. is an image tat represents an audio signal or recording.It shows the changes in amplitude over a certain amount of time. The amplitude of the signal is measured on the y-axis(vertically) while time is measured on the x-axis(horizontally)
  2. generally is the most efficient and effective instrumentation for viewing the vocal folds during phonation
  3. is the smallest structural unit that distinguishes meaning in a language. are not the physical segments themselves but are cognitive abstractions or categorizations of them
  4. control over the fundamental freq of the laryngeal tone
  5. facial expressions secretion of tears and saliva and taste

5 True/False questions

  1. Flaccid Dysarthriais most frequently associated with significant dysphagia


  2. Hyperadductionis a spcific form of muscle tension dysphonia characterised by excessive adduction or coming together of the vocal folds. Habitual use of a hyperadductive phonatory pattern can lead to the developement of vocal fold pathologies such as nodules or polyps


  3. Syntactic Complexityis determined by the number of transformational rules that are applied to a given sentence


  4. Canonical babblingconsonant-vowel combinations called canonical syllables begin to appear in a childs babbling(baaa, dadada, goo)


  5. Insufficient palatal closurebrain deprived from oxygen-memory issues