38 terms

Foods 1: Dairy Products

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Pasteurization
process of heating milk to destroy harmful bacteria
Lactose Intolerant
condition which causes people gas, cramps and diarrhea after they drink milk
Milkfat
types of cream are defined according to this
Cultured dairy products
dairy products made from milk to which helpful bacteria have been added
Concentrated milk products
dairy products which have removed water fluid milk
Frozen dairy dessert
examples of this include ice cream, frozen yogurt and sherbert
Butter
churning pasteurized cream produces
Curd
solid part of coagulated milk
Whey
the liquid part of coagulated milk
Process cheeses
products that are made from natural cheeses
Scum
the solid layer that often forms on the surface of milk during heating
Curdling
at high temperatures, acids, tannins, enzymes, and salts can cause milk proteins to coagulate and form clumps, which is known as
Scorching
burning that results in a color change
White sauce
a starch thickened milk product that is used as a base for other sauces
Roux
a cooked paste of fat and flour used to thicken classic white sauces
Cornstarch
most versatile pudding
Homogenized
milk in which that fat has been evenly dispensed
Pasteurized
milk that has bee heated to kill harmful bacteria
Grade A
milk that meets gov't standards
Skim
milk which contain 1% or less milk fat
Chocolate milk
whole milk with chocolate added
Chocolate dairy drink
skim milk with chocolate added
Buttermilk
thick milk that contains bacterial culture to make it sour
Powdered dry
whole or nonfat milk minus all the water
Evaporated
whole milk minus one half the water
Condensed
evaporated milk with sugar added
Cream
fat of the milk
Half and half
whole milk with one half light cream added
Yogurt
very thick cultured skim milk with added dry milk
Brick
cheese whose name originated from its shape
Cream cheese
cheese used in a popular dessert
Blue and roquefort
french cheeses served with desserts or used in salads/ salad dressing
Camembert
french dessert cheese served with fruit and crackers
Cottage
cheese popular with dieters
Edam and gouda
round, red covered cheeses from Holland
Limburger
soft cheese with a pungent odor
Parmesan
old italian cheese popular in its grated form
Cheddar
hard, flavorful cheese- one of the first to be made in US