50 terms

American history


Terms in this set (...)

After the French and Indian War the
the colonists began to see themselves as separate from Britain
The French and Indian War is also called
Seven Years War
A result of the French and Indian War was
British government had a large war debt
The French and Indian War was a war between
French and Indians fighting against the British
Who won the French and Indian War?
Stamp Act
an act passed by the British parliment in 1756 that raised revenue from the American colonies by a duty in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents
Sugar Act
law passed by the British Parliament setting taxes on molasses and sugar imported by the colonies
Quartering Act
an act passed by the British that allowed British troops to live in the homes of the colonists
A book that inspired the Declaration of Independence.
Patrick Henry
"Give me liberty or give me death"
Samuel Adams
American Revolutionary leader and patriot, Founder of the Sons of Liberty and one of the most vocal patriots for independence; signed the Declaration of Independence
Paul Revere
Boston silversmith who rode into the countryside to spread news of British troop movement. "The redcoats are coming"
Thomas Jefferson
Wrote the Declaration of Independence
William Dawes
American patriot who rode with Paul Revere to warn that the British were advancing on Lexington and Concord (1745-1799)
George Washington
Commander of the Continental Army and first President of the USA
Battle of Yorktown
Last major battle of the Revolutionary War. Cornwallis and his troops were trapped in the Chesapeake Bay by the French fleet. He was sandwiched between the French navy and the American army. Charles Cornwallis surrendered October 19, 1781.
Battle of Lexington and Concord
The first military engagement of the Revolutionary War. It occurred on April 19, 1775, when British soldiers fired into a much smaller body of minutemen on Lexington green.
Battle of Saratoga
Turning point of the American Revolution. It was very important because it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River, and, most importantly, showed the French that the Americans had the potential to beat their enemy, Great Britain.
Battle of Trenton
On Christmas day at night, Washington's soldiers began crossing the Deleware River. The next morning, they suprise attacked the British mercenaries which were Hessians.
Battle of Princeton
1777 Revolutionary War battle in New Jersey, won by the Continental Army
John Paul Jones
American naval commander in the American Revolution (1747-1792) said " I have not yet begun to fight." Commanded the American ship Bonhomme Richard
Baron von Steuben
A stern, Prussian drillmaster that taught American soldiers during the Revolutionary War how to successfully fight the British.
Articles of Confederation
the first constitution of the United States which created the first framework of our government.
Weakness of the Articles of Confederation: No executive branch
No power to tax and the states government had more power than the central government
Whiskey Rebellion
1794 protest against the government's tax on whiskey by backcountry farmers
Shay's Rebellion
Rebellion led by Daniel Shays of farmers in western Massachusetts in 1786-1787, protesting mortgage foreclosures. It highlighted the need for a strong national government and pointed out the weakness of the Articles of Confederation just as the call for the Constitutional Convention went out.
3/5 Compromise
-each slave would count for 3/5 of a person for taxation and representation purposes
A written plan of government
Father of the Constitution
James Madison
Federalist Papers
Written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, & James Madison to support ratification of the U.S. Constituiton
Leader of the Federalist Party
Alexander Hamilton
Monroe Doctrine
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.
XYZ Affair
A 1797 incident in which French officials demanded a bribe from U.S. diplomats
The Alien and Sedition acts
acts passed by federalists giving the government power to imprison or deport foreign citizens and prosecute critics of the government
Era of Good Feelings
A name for President James Monroe's two terms, a period of strong nationalism, economic growth, and territorial expansion. Since the Federalist party dissolved after the War of 1812, there was only one political party and no partisan conflicts.
Won the Presidential election of 1828
Andrew Jackson
President during the War of 1812
James Madison
Treaty of Ghent (1814)
Ended the War of 1812. Did not address grievances that led to the war (stalemate for both sides).
Loisiana Purchase
Thomas Jefferson expanded the country's border to the west nearly doubling the size of the US in 1803 when he purchased the land west of the Mississippi to the Rocky Mountains from France.
Lewis and Clark Expedition
1804-1806 - Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were commissioned by Jefferson to map and explore the Louisiana Purchase region. Beginning at St. Louis, Missouri, the expedition travelled up the Missouri River to the Great Divide, and then down the Columbia River to the Pacific Ocean. It produced extensive maps of the area and recorded many scientific discoveries, greatly facilitating later settlement of the region and travel to the Pacific coast.
A Shawnee chief who, along with his brother, Tenskwatawa, a religious leader known as The Prophet, worked to unite the Northwestern Indian tribes. The league of tribes was defeated by an American army led by William Henry Harrison at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. Tecumseh was killed fighting for the British during the War of 1812 at the Battle of the Thames in 1813.
Final battle of the Northeast Indian War
War Hawks
Included Henry Clay and John Calhoun .Southerners and Westerners who were eager for war with Britain. They had a strong sense of nationalism, and they wanted to takeover British land in North America and expand.
Henry Clay's American System
Plan for economic growth: establish a protective tariff for American manufacturing, establish a 2nd national bank, and improve the country's transporation system (roads and canals)
Missouri Compromise
"Compromise of 1820" over the issue of slavery in Missouri. It was decided Missouri entered as a slave state and Maine entered as a free state and all states North of the 36th parallel were free states and all South were slave states.
Old Hickory
Andrew Jackson's nickname
The Spoil System
The practice of giving a pointed positions in government to people loyal to the party and power-used by Andrew Jackson
Elected President in 1824
John Quincy Adams
Second Bank of the United States
chartered in 1816, much like its predecessor of 1791 but with more capital; it could not forbid state banks from issuing notes, but its size and power enabled it to compel the state banks to issue only sound notes or risk being forced out of business.
Andrew Jackson
Vetoed the bill to recharter the @nd National Bank. The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837), who as a general in the War of 1812 defeated the British at New Orleans (1815).