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images of religious figures that became objects of veneration within Christianity of the Byzantine Empire; particularly prevalent in Eastern monasticism
Byzantine weapon consisting of mixture of chemicals that ignited when exposed to water; utilized to drive back the Arab fleets that attacked Constantinople
Trade city in southern Russia established by Scandinavian traders in 9th century; became focal point for kingdom of Russia that flourished to 12th century
Religious controversy within the Byzantine Empire in the 8th century; emperor attempted to suppress veneration of icons; literary 'breaking of images'; after long struggle, icon veneration was restored
legendary Scandinavian, regarded as founder of the first kingdom of Russia based in Kiev in 855 c.e
Mongols; captured Russian cities and largely destroyed Kievan state in 1236; left Russian Orthodoxy and aristocracy intact
ONe of Justinian's most important military commanders during period of reconquest of western Europe; commanded in north Africa and Italy
Russian aristocrats; possessed less political power than did their counterparts in western Europe
Along with Methodius, missionary sent by Byzantine government to eastern Europe and the Balkans; converted southern Russia and Balkans to Orthodox Christianity; responsible for creation of written script fr Slavic known as Cyrillic
Along with Cyril, missionary sent by Byzantine government to eastern Europe and the Balkans; converted southern Russia and Balkans to Orthodox Christianity; responsible for creation of written script fr Slavic known as Cyrillic
Last of great Kievan monarchs; issued legal codification based on formal codes developed in Byzantium
Russian form of Christianity imported from Byzantine Empire and combined with local religion; king characteristically controlled major appointments
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