17 terms

Arts and Humanities Famous Artists and their works

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Frida Kahlo
Husband is Diego Rivera, Self Portraits, "I paint my own reality, so alone," Tehuana Mexican
Salvador Dahli
famous Spanish painter; surrealistic; Persistance of Memory painting of melting clocks
Jackson Pollock
A twentieth-century American painter famous for his "abstract expressionist" paintings; used the drip technique/action painting- put a canvas on the ground and splattered/dripped paint. Lavender Mist
Diego Rivera
Mexican Muralist who created artworks in Mexico and the U.S. focusing on political messages. Married Frida Kahlo
Michelangelo
An Italian painter, sculptor, and architect of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Among many achievements in a life of nearly ninety years, Michelangelo sculpted the David and several versions of the Pietà, painted the ceiling and rear wall of the Sistine Chapel, and served as one of the architects of Saint Peter's Basilica, designing its famous dome. He is considered one of the greatest artists of all time.
Pablo Picasso
A Spaniard in Paris who formed a movement in 1907 called Cubism. Cubism concentrated on a complex geometry of zigzagging lines and sharply angled, overlapping plane., One of the artistic giants of the twentieth century. Helped found the Cubist and Abstract movements. During his life, 1881-1973, he worked in various media and is noted for scores of important works. His painting Guernica is one of the most powerful anti-war expressions of the modern era.
Sandro Botticelli
1444 - 1510; Florentine painter known for vivid colors; painted both mythological works ("The Birth of Venus" & "Primavera") & religious works ("The Adoration of the Magi")
Edgar Degas
A nineteenth-century French painter and sculptor. Among his preferred subjects were ballet dancers and scenes of cafe life and horses. He was also a sculptor. http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/degas/race-horses/
Andy Warhol
An American commercial illustrator and artist famous for his Campbell's soup painting. He was the founder of the pop-art movement, which like all other art movements in history reflected something back on the present society.
Vincent Van Gogh
A Dutch Post-Impressionist Painter (who spent most of his life in France). He painted Crows in the Wheatfields, Self Portrait, Starry Night, Sunflowers
Camille Pissarro
This artist was born in the West Indies but moved to Paris when he was 25. A good friend to the other Impressionists, he often bought their work to keep them from starving, he also allowed them to live on his property with him. This artist was very adept at capturing the feeling of a place through color and mood, the viewer can sense the atmosphere and even the time of year or day. His favorite subjects were scenes of the streets of Paris
Berthe Morisot
(January 14, 1841 - March 2, 1895) was a painter and a member of the circle of painters in Paris who became known as the Impressionists. Undervalued for over a century, possibly because she was a woman, she is now considered among the first league of Impressionist painters.
Claude Monet
19th - French painter, founder of Impressionist school, great landscapes, Water Lily paintings
Manet
(1832-1883) French REALIST painter whose work *influenced* the impressionists. Though some of his works are considered closer to impressionism, such as "Luncheon on the Grass" and "Elupia." Painted real, modern women (hookers) not romantic, historical, foreign harem girls.
Caravaggio
16-17th c. Italian artist whose paintings, which combine a realistic observation of the human state, both physical and emotional, with a dramatic use of lighting, had a formative influence on the Baroque school of painting. Rest on the Flight Into Egypt features the Virgin Mary. He also painted himself as Bacchus, and The Supper at Emmaus
Winslow Homer
An American Realist painter known for his seascapes of New England.
Edward Hopper
A twentieth-century American artist whose stark, precisely realistic paintings often convey a mood of solitude and isolation within common-place urban settings. Among his best-known forks are Early Sunday Morning and Nighthawks.

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