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Science Slam! - Weathering & Erosion
Weathering and Erosion
Terms in this set (34)
The process through which rocks or other materials are broken down into smaller pieces.
The process of carrying away soil or pieces of rocks; the process through which weathered rock or soil is moved from one place to another.
A large sheet of ice and snow that moves slowly over land.
The process of dropping off pieces of eroded rock; the process by which eroded materials are dropped off in another place.
A bend or shaped curve in a river; gentle curves, sometimes form in rivers with slow-moving water.
The particles of soil or rock that may be ended and deposited; Particles of soil and rock that are carried along in water.
Land near a river that is likely to be under water during a flood. A place that is easily flooded when river water rises.
a strip of sandy land in water
moves sand dunes from one place to another
large sandbars that stretch for hundreds of kilometers along a coastline: they protect the coastline from erosion caused by large waves during storms
forms when wind erodes sand and deposits it along the back of the beach; dunes from in the direction that the wind usually blows
walls built to hold back water or prevent a flood
put up near sand funes to decrease the speed of the wind so less sand is blown away thus prevent erosion
can be build in the water along beacher to slow erosion
when water collects on land that is normally dry
caused by temperature changes, pushing, pulling, or rubbing.
occurs when chemicals break down rocks
the movement of a large amount of rock and siol down a slope
Impacts, temperature changes, and ice expanding in cracks break down rock in this process
when rock's composition is brokend own and changed this process occurs
when rock and soil on a slope become loose, gravity can move them downhill in this way
a large mass of flowing ice named this can erode the rock and soil beneath it
this process leaves eroded materials in a different place
the running water of this erodes rock and soil and washes it downstream
slow-moving rivers can flow in gentle curves called this
when waves wash away the side of a headland they form this
waves can move sand along beaches or deposit it offshore to build strips of sand called this
during floods, rivers deposit sediment on this along their banks
deposits of sand along the shore can form this that portect the beaches behind them from storm waves
wind deposits sand along the shoreline in hills of sand called this
people build walls call this along rivers to prevent floods
to slow erosion this can be built in the water along the beach
fences and this portect dunes by preventing sand from blowing away
How can people stop erosion on a beach?
people can plant grasses or other plants to help keep the sand in place. People can also put up fences near the sand. People can build barricades to prevent waves from causing erosion.
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