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AP HUGE Unit 7 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (32)
Legally adding land area to a city in the United States
Defined by geographer James Curtis as the dramatic increase in Hispanic population in a given neighborhood
A process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at low prices because of fear that persons of color will soon move into the neighborhood
The further away from the city, the higher class the residential area.
Central business district
The area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered.
Central place theory
A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther.
Culture of Poverty
the assumption that the values and behaviors of the poor make them fundamentally different from other people, that these factors are largely responsible for their poverty, and that parents perpetuate poverty across generations by passing these characteristics to their children
A large node of office and retail activities on the edge of an urban area.
communities that arise farther out than the suburbs and are typically populated by residents of high socioeconomic status
a process of change in the use of a house, from single-family owner occupancy to abandonment
Galactic City Model (Peripheral Model)
Model that represents distinct decentralization of the commercial urban landscape as the economy has to be transitioned to services as the leading form of production. Manufacturing declines significantly and becomes more specialized. There are several industrial parks.
Restricted neighborhoods or subdivisions, often literally fenced in, where entry is limited to residents and their guests. Although predominantly high-income based, in North America gated communities are increasingly a middle-class phenomenon.
A process of converting an urban neighborhood from a predominantly low-income renter-occupied area to a predominantly middle-class owner-occupied area.
Developed by geographers Ernst Griffin and Larry Ford, a model of the Latin American city showing a blend of traditional elements of Latin American culture with the forces of globalization that are reshaping the urban scene.
An urban land use model showing wedges (sectors), based on main transport routes and social groupings.
Developed by geographer T.G. McGee, a model showing similar land-use patterns among the medium-sized cities of Southeast Asia.
is a pejorative term for a large "mass-produced" dwelling, constructed with low-quality materials and craftsmanship, using a mishmash of architectural symbols to invoke connotations of wealth or taste, executed via poorly imagined exterior and interior design.
cities with more than 10 million people
a very large, heavily populated city or urban complex.
Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)
In the United States, a central city of at least 50,000 population, the county within which the city is located, and adjacent counties meeting one of several tests indicating a functional connection to the central city.
Multiple Nuclei Model
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a collection of nodes of activities.
Outlined by a group of architects, urban planners, and developers from over 20 countries, an urban design that calls for development, urban revitalization, and suburban reforms that create walkable neighborhoods with a diversity of housing and jobs.
The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement.
A process by which banks draw lines on a map and refuse to lend money to purchase or improve property within the boundaries.
Unplanned slum development on the margins of cities, dominated by crude dwellings and shelters made mostly of scrap wood, iron, and even pieces of cardboard.
A residential community whose growth and development was strongly shaped by the use of streetcar lines as a primary means of transportation.
a residential district located on the outskirts of a city
Urban heat island
Local heat buildup in an area of high population density
The study of the physical form and structure of urban places
The process of urban areas expanding outwards, usually in the form of suburbs, and developing over fertile agricultural land.
laws in a city or town that designate certain areas, or zones, for residential and business use
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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