Ways of the World Chapter 20 Vocabulary

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World War I
a war that was fought from 1914-1918 between the Allies, notably Britain, France, Russia, and Italy (which entered in 1915), and the Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire
Treaty of Versailles
one of the peace treaties at the end of WW1. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied powers.
Woodrow Wilson
1856-1924 28th president of the US, he served two terms 1913-1919. Wilson was a leading Progressive, arguing for a stronger central government and fighting for anti-trust legislation and labor rights
Great Depression
a long and severe recession in an economy or market.
New Deal
group of government programs and policies established under President Roosevelt in the 1930s, it was designed to improve conditions for the people suffering from the Great Depression.
Fascism
an authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization
Mussolini
he founded the Italian Fascist Party in 1921
Nazi Germany
a member of the National Socialist German Workers' Party, which controlled Germany from 1933 to 1945 under Adolf Hitler and advocated totalitarian government, territorial expansion, anti-Semitism, and Aryan supremacy, all these leading directly to World War II and the Holocaust. 2.
Hitler
german political leader of the twentieth century. He dreamed of creating a master race of pure Aryans, who would rule for a thousand years as the third German Empire, or Third Reich
Etty Hillesum
a Jewish woman who wrote letters and diaries that described the life in Amsterdam during the German occupation.
Revolutionary Right (Japan)
a movement in Japanese political life from 1930-1945 that was marked by extreme nationalism, a commitment to elite leadership focused around the emperor, and dedication to foreign expansion.
World War II (Asia)
a struggle to essentially halt Japanese imperial expansion in Asia.
World War II (Europe)
a struggle essentially to halt German imperialism expansion to Europe.
Total War
a war that has unrestricted weapon usage to completely defeat the enemy.
Hiroshima
Japanese city that was hit with the first atomic bomb on August 6, 1945
Holocaust
destruction or slaughter on a mass scale, especially caused by fire or nuclear war.
Marshall Plan
an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the US gave 130 billion dollars to help rebuild Western Europe economies after WW1 ended.
European Economic Community
an alliance formed by Italy, France, West Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. In 1957 it was dedicated developing common trade policies and reduces tariffs. It was then gradually developed into the European Union.
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization was founded after WW1 to strengthen international ties between member states.
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