Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

For you, Leah.


group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom, tradition, and sometimes, religion


a political community that occupies a definite territory and has an organized government with the power to make and enforce laws without approval from any higher authority


a country in which the territory of both the nation and the state coincide


the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundaries

Unitary System

a government that gives all key powers to the national or central government

Federal System

a government that divides the powers of government between the national government and state or provincial governments


a system of government in which the power to rule is in the hands of a single individual


a system of government in which a small group holds power


government in which the people rule

Totalitarian Dictatorship

a form of autocratic government where the ideas of leaders are glorified and the government seeks to control all aspects of social and economic life

Civil Society

a complex network of voluntary associations, economic groups, religious organizations, and many other kinds of groups that exist independent of government

Social Consensus

when most people in a society accept democratic values and agree about the purpose and limits of government


an economic system providing free choice and individual incentive for workers, investors, consumers, and business enterprises


an economic system in which the government owns the basic means of production, distributes the products and wages, and provides social services such as health care and welfare

Mixed-Market Economy

a system in which the government regulates enterprise


an economic system in which the central government directs all major economic decisions

Popular Sovereignty

rule by the people


a system in which power is divided between the national and state government

Separation of Powers

the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government

Checks and Balances

the system where each branch of government exercises some control over the others

Judicial Review

the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional

Expressed Powers (of Congress)

powers directly stated in the Constitution

Enumerated Powers (of Congress)

the expressed powers of Congress that are itemized and numbered 1-18 in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution

"Necessary and Proper" (or Elastic Clause)

Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution, which gives Congress the power to make all laws that are necessary and proper for carrying out its duties

Judicial Restraint

the philosophy that the Supreme Court should avoid taking that initiative on social and political questions

Judicial Activism

the philosophy that the Supreme Court should play an active role in shaping national policies by addressing social and political issues

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording