28 terms

Ch 17: Social Policy


Terms in this set (...)

Which of the following social policies is currently the most costly to the government?
social security
When did the American welfare state begin?
the 1930s
Which of the following was a key part of President Obama's overhaul of No Child Left Behind?
a proposal that states could apply for waivers that would exempt them from some of the requirements of No Child Left Behind
The G.I. Bill of Rights of 1944 and the National Defense Education Act were examples of the
federal government's approach to education policy during the 1940s and 1950s.
Which program was designed to help augment the benefits to the aged, blind, and disabled?
Supplemental Security Income
Which of the following is the strongest factor in predicting which groups in society receive the most benefits from government's social policies?
groups that are the most politically powerful
What was the main fear concerning the consequences of outdoor relief?
It perpetuated poverty.
The goals of American social policy are
often controversial
In 2010, approximately what percentage of American workers were offered health insurance through their jobs?
60 percent
How did deregulation of the mortgage industry in 1999 help produce the housing crisis of 2007 and 2008?
It allowed many new mortgage companies to form, offering "predatory" loans that people could not afford to repay.
A cost-of-living adjustment is based on
the rate of inflation
Which of the following was important in caring for the poor during the nineteenth century?
churches and religious organizations
The central thrust of federal housing policy has been to
promote home ownership.
Which of the following programs most benefits the working poor?
earned income tax credits
Medicare is a ______ program; Medicaid is a ______ program.
contributory; noncontributory
Charter schools are best described as
public schools that are free to design special curricula.
After the election of 2004, President George W. Bush announced that ______ would be the centerpiece of his domestic policy.
Social Security reform
What do public opinion polls reveal about welfare policies?
Americans view welfare beneficiaries as "undeserving."
The idea that all people should have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth they have to achieve their goals is called
equality of opportunity
The number of families receiving welfare
decreased dramatically between 1993 and 2004 but increased significantly between 2004 and 2008.
What is the most significant force determining the distribution of opportunities in the United States?
Which of the following can be concluded from the results of the 1996 welfare reforms?
The reforms have reduced the number of people on welfare but have done little to reduce poverty
Which of the following is a program of forced savings?
Social case work, in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, was largely concerned with
personal counseling and "mental hygiene."
The Temporary Assistance to Needy Families program is administered
by the states, with benefit levels varying between states
What is the shadow welfare state?
social benefits that are distributed by private employers who are being subsidized by the government
One reason that the AFDC program grew significantly in the 1970s was that
court decisions made it more difficult for the government to legally terminate people's benefits for a lack of eligibility
How did the Great Depression change American attitudes about welfare?
It revealed that poverty could be caused by a flawed economic system, not just by personal irresponsibility