Chapter 20 Study
Terms in this set (50)
By the end of the 19th century, jingoism in the United States was encouraged by all of the following EXCEPT (a) European imperialism (b) International Darwinism (c) Yellow journalism (d) Naval views of Alfred Thayer Mahan (e) New immigrants
(e) New immigrants
The Open Door Policy could best be defined as
All nations should have equal trading rights in all parts of the world
Which of the following DOES NOT correctly describe how a territory was added to the United States? (a) Hawaii annexed by Congress (b) Alaska purchased from Russia (c) The Philippines annexed by treaty (d) Cuba annexed by Congress (e) Florida purchased from Spain
(d) Cuba annexed by Congress
All of the following concerned U.S.-Japanese relations EXCEPT the (a) Teller Amendment (b) Gentleman's Agreement (c) Treaty of Portsmouth (d) Lodge Corollary (e) Great white fleet
(a) Teller Amendment
What was an IMMEDIATE cause of the Spanish-American War?
The sinking of the "Maine"
Explain the influence of yellow journalism on U.S. foreign policy in the 1890's?
Sensational news stories stirred the anger of the American public
The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine called for
Intervening in Latin American nations that could not pay their debts to European creditors
Accurately summarize Theodore Roosevelt's policy on the Panama Canal
Roosevelt gave military support to Panama's revolt against Colombia
Woodrow Wilson's foreign policy differed from that of Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft by its emphasis on
The application of moral principles to foreign affairs
"...the policy of the government of the United States is to seek a solution which may bring about permanent safety and peace to China, preserve Chinese territorial and administrative entity, protect all rights guaranteed to friendly powers by treaty and international law, and safeguard for the world the principle of equal and impartial trade with all parts of the Chinese empire." This quotation is part of the
Open Door notes
Joseph Pulitzer achieved fame and wealth as a
As a result of the Spanish-American War, Spain relinquished to the United States control of Puerto Rico, Cuba, and
Theodore Roosevelt's mediation in the Russo-Japanese War reflected his belief that United States interests were best served by
A balance of power between Russia and Japan
In the late nineteenth century, all of the following encouraged American jingoism EXCEPT (a) Yellow journalism (b) The New Navy policy of Alfred Thayer Mahan and Theodore Roosevelt (c) The example of European imperialism (d) The flooding of American markets to foreign producers (e) Social Darwinism
(d) The flooding of American markets to foreign producers
The United States Open Door Policy in Asia did what?
Bolstered American commercial interests in China
The Open Door policy of the early twentieth century called for
Open access to China for American investment and commercial interests
"We have pacified some thousands of the islanders and buried them; destroyed their fields; burned their villages, and turned their widows and orphans out-of-doors; subjugated the remaining ten millions by benevolent assimilation....And so, by these Providences of God-and the phrase is the government's, not mine-We are a World Power." The statement above was most probably made in reference to United States policy in the
occupation of the Philippines
What led immediately and directly to Theodore Roosevelt's issuance of the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine?
American fear that financial instability in the Dominican Republic would lead to European intervention
The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine expanded America's role in
Central America and the Caribbean
The significance of the Open Door Policy for the United States lay in its
guarantees from leasehold nations that they would keep their Chinese ports open to all nations
All of the following were results of the Spanish-American War EXCEPT (a) interest in having a U.S. naval presence in the Pacific as well as the Atlantic Ocean (b) Renewed interest in building the Panama Canal (c) Establishment of a protectorate in Cuba (d) The Supreme Court ruling that unincorporated possessions such as Puerto Rico were destined for statehood (e) The modification of the Monroe Doctrine
(d) The Supreme Court ruling that unincorporated possessions such as Puerto Rico were destined for statehood
Theodore Roosevelt's most significant use of the "Big Stick" Policy was
U.S. support of Panamanian rebels in their revolt against Colombia
As a result of the war with Spain in 1898, the United States gained all of the following EXCEPT (a) Guam (b) The Philippines (c) Puerto Rico (d) Hawaii (e) The Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, naval base
A unilateral declaration that the United States was the "policeman of the western hemisphere" was the
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
In his book "The Influence of Sea Power Upon History" (1890), Alfred T. Mahan argued what?
That great empires are based on naval supremacy.
The Platt Amendment of 1901 provided for?
The United States's right to intervene in Cuba to maintain peace and law and order.
What Supreme Court case(s) settled the issue of how the US Constitution and American laws would apply in the newly acquired territories?
This US Army pathologist discovered the cause of yellow fever
The Lodge Corollary was NOT (a) An addition to the Monroe Doctrine (b) Written by Henry Cabot Lodge, a Republican Senator from Mass. (c) A statement that non-European powers were not permitted to own territory in the Western Hemisphere (d) Written and proposed while Taft was President (e) None of the above
(e) None of the above
Moral Diplomacy, as written by Wilson and W. J. Bryan, hoped to right past wrongs against all of the following EXCEPT (a) The Philippines (b) Puerto Rico (c) The Panama Canal (d) Canada (e) Colombia
Which literary luminary was a member of the Anti-Imperialist League?
This legislation promised that the US would grant Cuba independence rather then annex it
Which President was assassinated in 1901, making Roosevelt the new President?
The Root-Takahira Agreement of 1908 simply stated the US and Japan
Would respect each other's Pacific possessions and support the Open Door Policy
The motive of the United States in contributing troops to the rescue of the besieged diplomats during the Boxer Rebellion was to
have a voice in the final settlement and prevent the dismemberment of China
Commodore George Dewey was noteworthy to the Spanish-American War for
sinking the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay
Later evidence suggested that the sinking of the USS Maine may have been caused by
an accident in one of the engine rooms
The de Lome letter had the effect of
worsening United States-Spanish relations
Which newspaper publishers were accused of using "yellow journalism" in their coverage of the trouble in Cuba in 1890?
Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst
The expression "yellow journalism" refers to the newspapers that emphasized
lurid and sensational news
In 1893, a revolution in Hawaii overthrew the government of Queen Liliuokalani. This revolution was instigated mainly by
American plantation interests.
Emilio Aguinaldo was
the leader of the Philippine rebel army
Roosevelt sent the Great White Fleet around the world in order to
remind the world of U.S. military might
A group calling itself the Righteous and Harmonious fists attacked foreign missionaries and traders in 1900 in the
Three challenges with the building of the Panama Canal were
1) Colombia was unwilling to allow for the canal to be built through the isthmus of Panama, which it controlled, a separate Republic of Panama had to be established. 2) Yellow fever plagued construction. 3) Locks had to be built so the canal could make adjustments for elevation
McKinley officially urged the Senate to accept acquisition of the Philippines for all of the following reasons EXCEPT (a) we couldn't give them back to Spain (b) someone else such as Germany may take the Philippines if we don't (c) the Filipinos were unfit for self-government (d) We were obligated to Christianize and civilize the Filipinos (e) The Philippines were a potential source for corporate business profits
(e) The Philippines were a potential source for corporate business profits
At the Portsmouth Peace Conference ending the Russo-Japanese War, Teddy Roosevelt hoped to establish
a new balance of power between the Russians and the Japanese.
What was the significance of the Venezuelan crisis of 1895 and America's "jingoistic" behavior?
It revived the Monroe Doctrine and strengthened U.S. power in Latin America
When President Taft called for "Dollar Diplomacy," he advocated
that American businessman should invest in underdeveloped countries rather than lend those countries U.S. dollars
In his book "The Influence of Sea Power Upon History" (1890), Alfred T. Mahan argued which of the following?
that great empires are based on naval supremacy