G E N E S
Terms in this set (29)
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to form the first cell of a new organism
Female sex cell
Male sex cell
Fusion of an egg and sperm cell
containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each parent.
Pair of chromosomes that are the same size, same appearance and same genes.
having a single set of unpaired chromosomes
makes sex cells
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
The scientific study of heredity
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
a genetic factor that is blocked by the presence of a dominant factor
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait
Different forms of a gene
physical characteristics of an organism
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
Having two identical alleles for a particular gene
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
diagram showing the gene combinations that might result from a genetic cross
Cases in which one allele is not completely dominant over another
A condition in which both alleles for a gene are fully expressed
combined effect of two or more genes on a single character
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes.
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base
Copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
Process by which RNA is decoded and a protein is produced
A change in a gene or chromosome.
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