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BJU World History Chapter 16
Terms in this set (40)
What is the basic difference between the American and the French Revolutions?
the American was conservative and the French radical
What established the civil authority for the Plymouth Colony?
The Mayflower Compact
After over 100 years, why did the British government decide to begin taxing and regulating the colonies?
They wanted the colonies to help pay for recent wars
When did the British began placing restrictions on the colonies?
after a series of wars on the European continent
Why was the Battle of Saratoga a turning point for the Americans?
the French decided to support the colonists
What is popular sovereignty?
gov't by the consent of the governed
List 3 causes of the French Revolution?
1. Heavy taxation of the poor 2. Incompetence of Louis XV & Louis XVI 3. France's bankrupt condition
What were the taille, capitation, and vingtieme?
types of taxes
Once the Estates-General convened, what was the initial issue?
number of votes each estate would receive
What did the Tennis Court Oath declare?
The delegates of the Third Estate would NOT disband until a written constitution was established
What event symbolized the downfall of the Old Regime?
storming of the Bastille
What 1789 French document lists the national rights of all people and the rights possessed by citizens?
declaration of the Rights of Man
What was issued by the Austrians, called for the French people to rally behind their king, and promised to restore Louis XVI to the French throne?
The Brunswick Manifesto
What was the purpose of the Reign of Terror?
to get rid of opposition to the revolution
The arrest and death of Robespierre and his followers illustrates what saying?
"A revolution devours its own"
What was Napoleon's most famous and enduring accomplishment?
What was the Continental System designed to do?
cut off trade with England
Who was king of England during the American Revolution?
What principle delegates specific powers to the national gov't and reserves all others for state gov'ts?
What was the term for the French system of forced labor?
What was the term for the lists of grievnces Louis's subjects compiled?
What were workers in Paris who wore full-length trousers called?
What was the mobilization of the entire French nation for battle called?
Levee en masse
What was the famous instrument of execution used during the French Revolution?
What is the term for a sudden and illegal seizure of power?
Which battle was Napoleon's greatest triumph?
Where was Napoleon finally exiled to?
St. Helena (tiny island off coast of Africa)
Who was king during the French Revolution?
What prominent Jacobin was executed by Robespierre?
Who was Nelson?
A British admiral
Who was named First Consul for life?
Who was Alexander I?
Who was the victorious general at Waterloo?
Why was the ideal Puritan society not successful?
second and third generations did not retain the religious convictions of those who came before them
What did the local governments that were set up in each colony have in common?
respect for English law and a love for local self-gov't
Why did the colonists resent parliamentary measures of taxation?
they believed those measures violated colonial charters that called for taxation to rest in the hands of the colonial assemblies
Why were the First and Second Estates considered to be privileged classes?
They were exempt from many taxes
What did the Civil Constitution of the Clergy allow the assembly to do?
diminished the power of the Roman Catholic Church in France
Why is the American Revolution considered to be a conservative action?
1. The protest was not against government but against too much government and a government that had violated its own rules. 2. The colonists were not fighting an offensive war, but simply defending their homeland and preserving the freedoms they had enjoyed for more than a century
List some of the domestic reforms of Napoleon.
1. beginning public works programs 2. founding the Bank of France which standardized the monetary system 3. setting up an equitable tax system 4. established a system of public education 5. the codification of French laws (Code Napoleon)
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