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Leader of the Incas killed by the Spanish.


Indian who taught the Pilgrims how to fish and plant crops that would do well.


The Aztec leader when Europeans came to Mexico.

Indian peoples

Died from hunger, overwork, and diseases after being enslaved by the Spanish.


People brought to the Americas against their will and forced to work for the colonists.

Francisco Pizarro

Spanish conquistador who ordered his soldiers to kill the Inca emperor.

Hernando Cortes

Leader of the Spanish conquistadors who conquered the Aztecs.

Francisco Vasquez de Coronado

Spanish explorer who heard stories about the Seven Cities of Gold and set out to find them.

Hernando de Soto

Explorer who claimed for Spain all of what is today the southeastern U.S.

Juan Ponce de Leon

Spanish explorer who looked for the Fountain of Youth and named present-day Florida.

Jacques Cartier

Explorer who looked for the Northwest Passage.

Samuel de Champlain

Explorer who founded Quebec and Montreal.

Sir Walter Raleigh

European who founded a colony at Roanoke Island that soon disappeared.

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