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BH French Revolution
Terms in this set (28)
the educated upper class in the Third Estate; in revolutionary France they were the merchants and lawyers that sought the ideals of the Enlightenment
nobles and others who left France during peasant uprisings and hoped to come back to the old system
those without "knee breeches"; term used to describe the lower middle class of France; the working class in the Third Estate
the right to vote for a citizen
pride in one's national identity
The highest class of French society under the Old Order that made up of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church.
Tennis Court Oath
a vow by members of the 3rd estate not to disband until a constitution was written
3rd estate declaration that it was the only true govt. in France; agreed that they would only recognize a monarch whose powers were limited by a consitution in France
The Declaration of the Rights of Man
stated that men are born with equal rights, such as liberty, property, security, resistance to oppression, and innocence until proven guilty; similar to the American Declaration of Independence
Palace constructed by Louis XIV (Sun King) outside of Paris to glorify his rule and subdue the nobility.
Constitution of 1791
this document limited the monarch, provided natural rights, and put the Catholic Church under control of govt.
Radical republicans during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre
machine for beheading people; used to promote the ideals of equality since beheadings were typically used to execute the monarchs
occurred when approximately 1200 people from the city jails were executed because they were assumed to be counterrevolutionaries
Committee of Public Safety
leaders under Robespierre who organized the defenses of France against Austria, controlled foreign policy, and centralized authority during the period 1792-1795.
Reign of Terror
the period in France where Robespierre ruled and used terror to solidify his rule. He tried thousands and executed most
financial expert of Louis XVI, he advised Louis to reduce court spending, reform his government, abolish tarriffs on internal trade, but the First and Second Estates got him fired
"The incorruptable;" the leader of the bloodiest portion of the French Revolution. He set out to build a republic of virtue.
Olympe de Gouges
A proponent of democracy, she demanded the same rights for French women that French men were demanding for themselves.
a weak King of France (1774-1792) during the start of the French Revolution. I
Austrian that became queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI); her extravagance and opposition to reform contributed to the overthrow of the monarchy
made up of rich nobles that held the highest offices in government; they disagreed about Enlightenment Ideas; approx. 2 % of the population that owned approx. 20 % of land
made up of Bourgeois, urban lower class, and peasant farmers; approx. 98% of the population in France; faced the highest taxation and the fewest rights prior to the French; ultimately formed the National Assembly
France's traditional assembly with representatives of the three estates, or classes, in French society: the clergy, nobility, and commoners
also known as the "Mountain". members of the radical faction within the Jacobin party who advocated the centralization of state power during the French Revolution and instituted the Reign of Terror
Cahiers de Doleances
statements of local grievances drafted throughout France during the elections to the Estates-General, advocating a regular constitutional government abolishing fiscal privileges of the church and nobility
the newly appointed minister of justice who led the sans-culottes in revenge on those who had aided the king and resisted the popular will.
French revolutionary leader who was a leader in overthrowing the Girondists and was stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday, Published a radical journal called "Friend of the People" often inciting riots and acts of violence and bloodshed.
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