From Ming on Timeline Test
Terms in this set (30)
In what year was the Ming dynasty started?
What belief system was promoted during the Ming dynasty?
List two goals of Zheng He's voyages.
enroll distant peoples and states in the Chinese tribute system, bringing many foreign rulers to China to pay tribute
establishing Chinese power and prestige throughout the Indian Ocean, controlling trade without conquering new territories
During what century did Zheng He's voyages take place?
15th century (1405-1433 CE)
What was the long term effect of the Jesuits?
Introduced many Western concepts to China
During what decade did the Chinese make its currency silver?
The kaozheng movement is to China what this was to Europe...
What was culturally distinctive about the Qing dynasty?
Foreign rule (Manchu) that desired to stay separate, therefore creating a sharp cultural distinction
What changed in terms of commerce in the Qing dynasty?
Land commerce was replaced with oceanic commerce
What is distinctive about the Chinese borders during the Qing dynasty?
expanded to about the size that it is today
When did the Qing dynasty begin?
What was the main cause of the massive population increase in China in the period 1685-1853?
American food crops
What agreement insured that the expansion of the Russian empire would be away from Chinese borders?
Treaty of Nerchinsk
What was the cause of the weakening of Chinese economy due to overflow in silver?
massive increase in opium imports
How did the British acquire the island of Hong Kong?
Through the Treaty of Nanjing
List two goals of the Taiping Uprising.
abolition of private property
redistribution of land
Transform society (reorganization into sexually segregated military camps)
Who crushed the Taiping Uprising?
provincial landowners with private armies and Western support
Two effects of the self strengthening movement:
established modern arsenals and shipyards
advanced some educational measures
established modest industrial facilities like textile and steel factories
Whose fears inhibited the self strengthening movement?
In what years did China lose Vietnam, Korea?
What caused the loss of Vietnam, Korea, and Taiwan?
intrusion of France and Japan --> carving out spheres of influence
In what year was the Boxer Rebellion?
What was the goal of the Boxer Rebellion?
To get rid of foreigners
In what year did the Qing dynasty collapse?
What government came after Qing?
What event gave the communist party an opportunity to impact Chinese life?
Japan's invasion of China
When did the new marriage laws give new rights to women?
What was the Great Leap Forward?
reform program by Mao that pushed large numbers of rural Chines into "people's communes" in an effort to mobilize China's enormous population for rapid development --> bad management and drought combined to kill 20 million
When was the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution?
What marked the decline of Chinese communism?
Death of Mao Zedong in 1976
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