A fourteen-line lyric poem, usually written in iambic pentameter, having one of several rhyme schemes
• 5. The English sonnet, also known as the Shakespearean sonnet has three quatrains followed by a couplet (14 lines). The most common rhyme scheme for this sonnet is abab cdcd efef gg
• 6. The Italian sonnet, also known as the Petrarchan sonnet, is divided into an octave, which typically rhymes abbaabba, and a sestet (14 lines), which may have varying rhyme schemes. Common rhyme patterns in the sestet are cdecde, cdcdcd, and cdccdc.