The Great Depression Vocabulary to know
Terms in this set (17)
buying on margin
Purching stock with a little money down with the promise of paying the balance at sometime in the future
October 29, 1929; date of the worst stock-market crash in American history and beginning of the Great Depression.
Alternating periods of economic expansion and economic recession
A time of utter economic disaster; started in the United States in 1929.
WWI veterans who marched on Washington demanding their $1,000 bonus pay before the 1945 due date.
Roosevelt, the President of the United States during the Depression and WWII. He instituted the New Deal. Served from 1933 to 1945, he was the only president in U.S. history to be elected to four terms
The name of President Roosevelt's program with Congress,for getting the United States out of the depression
The informal radio conversations Roosevelt had with the people to keep spirits up. It was a means of communicating with the people on how he would take on the depression.
Tennessee Valley Authority
New Deal program that built dams to control flooding and produce cheap electric power
First woman cabinet member, Secretary of Labor
wife of Franklin Roosevelt and a strong advocate of human rights (1884-1962)
Social Security Act
guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health
Congress of Industrial Organizations
union organization of unskilled workers broke away from AFL in 1935 and rejoined in 1955
method of boycotting work by sitting down at work and refusing to leave the establishment
Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages.
American novelist who wrote "The Grapes of Wrath". (1939) A story of Dustbowl victims who travel to California to look for a better life.
American songwriter and folksinger who flourished in the 1930s, writing numerous songs about social injustice and the hardships of the Great Depression years; two of his best-remembered songs are "This Land is Your Land" and "So Long, It's Been Good to Know Yuh."