Unit 1.1 EOC Review PBJ

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Terms in this set (...)

Man who established the idea of separation of powers and checks and balances.
Montesquieu
What idea did John Locke create that said everyone is born with certain unalienable rights that are life, liberty, and property?
Natural Rights
What is the belief that people give up rights to the government and in return get protection?
Social Contract (John Locke)
What document established trial by jury, outlawed cruel and unusual punishment, guaranteed other rights?
English Bill of Rights
What was the first document to limit the powers of the king?
Magna Carta
What was the first document to establish self-government in the colonies?
Mayflower Compact
What was the document that encouraged colonists to cut ties with England?
Common Sense (Thomas Paine)
What is the term that means you the citizens control their own government?
self-government
What document did we see John Locke's ideas of Life, liberty and pursuit of happiness included in?
Declaration of Independence
What is an official approval or agreement?
assent
Taxation without representation; individual rights
colonial grievances
What does it mean to quarter?
House soldiers
How did the colonists respond to the Stamp Act
boycotting British goods
What was the colonists response to the Tea Act?
Boston Tea Party
Which historic document expressed the colonists desire to overthrow the king of England and begin their own government?
Declaration of Independence
"All men are created equal with the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." Which of John Locke's ideas does this express?
Natural Rights
"That whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it..." Which of John Locke's ideas does this express?
Consent of the governed; social contract
What is cruel and oppressive government or rule?
Tyranny, tyrant
What was the first form of government for America?
Articles of Confederation
Why did the founding fathers choose the Articles of Confederation as the first government for the new United States?
They were afraid of a central government with too much power.
A system of government where the states give power to the central government.
Confederation
What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
1. Weak: Congress had no power to enforce laws.
2. Broke: Congress could not enforce taxes.
3. Arguing: Trade wars
4. No court system to settle fights among states.
5. No central leader or president.
What was the protest by Massachusetts farmers over tax collections that showed it was time to change the Articles of Confederation?
Shay's Rebellion
Meeting where it was decided to replace the Articles of Confederation with a new U.S. Constitution.
Constitutional Convention
How did the new U.S. Constitution fix the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
1. Stronger federal government.
2. Congress can levy taxes
3. Federal government is supreme over states.
4. National Court System
5. Executive Branch; president
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