Unit 5 topic 3 - Local responses to global interactions
Terms in this set (12)
China great firewall
IP address blocking & keywords filtered. Gov block critical websites & social media
less than 10% of pop have cell phones. Some schools have access to highly controlled intranet. Radios & tv sets only receive gov. frequencies
introduces trade restrictions between countries
>country take all/part of of one or a number of natural resources under state ownership.
>State also need be prepared to help industries in tough times.
>Country need to give companies enough return to their investments, so that they'll continue to invest in future.
>if gov increase shares to company, builds healthy relation between company + state.
CASE STUDY - De Beers Botswana mining company
-worlds leading diamond firm
-1969, account for 30% GDP, 50% of gov revenue, 75% of export earnings.
-gov increase it's shares from 15% to 50%.
-risk: TNCs wont want invest
CASE STUDY, Arab Spring
demonstrations to authoritative regimes. Civil wars that spread through countries in Middle East + North Africa after 2010
>Benefit: Tunisia, suicide of Mohamed Bouazizi triggered street protest leading to removal of president Ben Ali. A new constitution: more human rights & gender equality. 330 killed
>Drawbacks: Libya, protests increased fighting. US, France, UK bombed forces of Libya. In August, Gathafi was killed. 40,000 were killed
Syria, armed conflict: formation ISIS, Russia supporting Syrian president. Thousands fled: increase migrants in Europe, humanitarian crisis in Lebanon & Jordan
political only benefit some people
>strong civil societies
>degree of state censorship
>mobilization of middle class (strong + vocal political change)
CASE STUDY Rohingyas
>in elections, 75 candidates were disqualified for failing to meet citizenship or residence criteria, including all Rohingya.
>full citizenship only granted to: national ethnic groups or for those whose ancestors had been in Burma before 1st Anglo - Burma war (1824). Became stateless in 1982.
CASE STUDY - Immigration in Sweden
>rise national Sweden democrats in favor of anti immigration
>prefer swedish culture
>swedish think immigrants don't respect culture, offensive to girls, economic burden
>2015 - asylum seekers were too many. Social services couldn't cope
>coalition might join to shut off nationalists
CASE STUDY - Immigration in Germany
>german carpenter boy was stabbed. 2 men (Iraki + Syrian) held in custody
>demonstrators (Die Linke) clashed against police
CASE STUDY - Avaaz
-50 million members protect animal/human rights
-online community, anyone can petition& if have enough votes = campaign
-try keep net neutrality (campaigned for this). = equal rights for everyone for fast access to websites.
CASE STUDY - Amnesty (human right)
-7 million members
-try abolish death penalty, free unfairly prosecuted people, uncover human rights abuses, educate
-world wide voluntary membership (letters from small groups to headquarters)
-120 countries have abolished death penalty
-limitation: Amnesty dsnt always know if they are the reason for a success
-Iran is a challenge to write to due to gov situation. Letters can't have Amnesty logo