Unit 1.2 Civics PBJ EOC Review
Terms in this set (20)
What is the introduction to the U.S. Constitution, establishing the goals and purposes of government?
Preamble to the U.S. Constitution
Rule by the people
Everyone lives under the law
rule of law
A process must be followed when applying the law.
the government is limited by the Constitution and Rule of Law
"We the People" is an example of what idea?
What does "domestic tranquility" mean?
Peace at home (states not fighting with each other)
What does "provide for the common defense" mean?
government should provide protection for its citizens
Who were to supporters of the Constitution who believed a strong national government is needed to keep the country unified?
Who feared a strong federal government created by the Constitution, and pushed for a "Bill of Rights" to protect individual liberties?
What are the first 10 amendments to the Constitution that details the specific freedoms that belong to each American citizen?
Bill of Rights
Interprets laws, Judicial Review
What idea states that everyone must follow the law, even the country's leader?
Rule of Law
What was Montesquieu's belief that powers of government should be divided among three branches of government: legislative, executive, and judicial?
Separation of Powers
Enforces or executes laws
What keeps the balance of power relatively equal between the branches by giving each branch the power to limit (check) the other branches?
Checks and Balances
Name TWO check words for the legislative branch.
impeach, approve, override, confirm, deny
Name TWO check words for the executive branch.
veto, appoint, negotiate
Name the ONE check word for the Judicial Branch.