30 terms

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elastic clause
gives congress the power to make "all laws which should be necessary and proper"
electoral college
body of electors, equal in number to the representative and senators from each state
Emancipation Proclamation
president Lincolns proclamation that slaves in confederate held territory were freed
embassy
diplomatic mission staffed with an official embassador
enlightenment
18th century movement suggesting that the universe was orderly and governed by rational laws that could be understood by humans
escalation
increased us involvement in vietnam
executive privilege
right claimed by the president or his advisors not to testify before congressional committees or to surrender secret documents
expansionist
Those who believed the US should extend across the entire North American continent
factory system
method of production that combined machines and workers in mills and factories
fair deal
harry trumans domestic program aimed at recovery from WW2
FDIC
insured individual bank deposits up to $2500 and helped to restore confidence in americas banks
federal reserve banks
12 regional banks that ease or tighten credit by raising or lowering the interest rates charged to other banks for borrowing money
federalism
relationship of independent states that share power with a central government
federalists
supporters of the ratification of the constitution and the newly formed federal government
the feminine mystique
Betty Frieda's book that was the Bible of the feminist movement of the 1960s and 1970s
fourteen points
Woodrow Wilsons plan for peace in Europe that proposed a world order based on collective security
fugitive slave act
law making it legal for slave owners to claim African Americans who has escaped to the north
freemen's bureau
temporary agency created in 1865 to assist in the care of refugees in the south, especially for freed African americans
gag rule
house resolution banning discussion of antislavery petitions submitted to congress
ghetto
distinct neighborhood within a city, isolated by social and economic descrimination
GI Bill
the legislation gave many benefits to returning WW2 veterans including financial assistance for veterans wanting to go to college or enter any job training programs
gilded age
late 19th century era with a surface of great prosperity hiding deep problems of social inequity and shallowness of culture
glasnost
soviet policy establishing greater openness within their society
good neighbor policy
Roosevelts foreign policy to respect the territorial integrity of other nations
gospel of wealth
Carnegies philosophy stating that wealthy industrialists had an obligation to create a "trust fund" from their profits to help their local communities
grandfather clause
means of preventing African Americans from voting; stated that any man whose father or grandfather had the right to vote was entitled to vote
great compromise
plan at the constitutional convention proposing representation based on a two-house legislature
gross national product
total value of domestic and international good and services produced by a nation each year
guerilla warfare
nontraditional military tactics, including surprise attacks and sabotage
gulf of Tonkin resolution
granting Lyndon Johnson authority to take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against forces of the United States
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