Ch 8 & 9 Test
Terms in this set (59)
Constitutional powers granted to the federal government.
Powers given to the state government alone.
Powers held jointly by the national and state governments.
Citizens represented by legislatures.
Process by which citizens can start new legislation.
Method of referring potential laws directly to people for approval.
Some stated allow voters to remove officials from office.
Chief executive of each state.
Governor may share some executive powers with other "executives" such as the state treasurer, attorney general, and secretary of state.
Power of the Budget
Governor needs to create a budget for one or two years and submit it to the legislature. It sets priorities and offers solutions to state problems.
Power to make appointments
Governor has agencies, kind of like the president's cabinet, that carries out the laws. Most of the time, the governor appoints the heads of these agencies. it must be approved by the state senate.
Power to Supervise State Employees
In most states, many important state agencies are under the governor's control. Most state government jobs are open to any qualified citizen who passes a state examination. Through patronage, these jobs often go to people who provided valuable help during the election campaign.
Granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support.
Governor usually appears at an early meeting of the state legislature and gives what they call a "state of the state address" to the legislature, outlining what he/she thinks should be changed and passed. Governor also has power to veto a bill.
an elected official serving as "Vice President" to the governor.
A set of criminal laws.
Citizens prepare a list of qualified judges and the governor appoints someone from that list.
Process for passing state laws
1. Bill is introduced
2. Bill is sent to committee
3. Bill reaches the floor
4. Bill is sent to second house
5. Bill is sent to joint conference committee
6. Bill is sent to governor
Different stages of state court
Trial, Appeals, State Supreme
Types of Reserved powers
A city or town that has a local government
Highest level of local government
an elected officer in a county who is responsible for commanding the deputies and office staff
Where the plans of local government are written; CONSTITUTION
a local law
political unit that is larger than a village and smaller than a city
a gathering of local citizens to discuss and vote on important issues
a subdivision of a county that has its own government and are each 6 miles by 6 miles
A unit of government that deals with a specific need, and help more than one city
allows cities to write their own charters, choose their own type of government, and manage their own affairs
the legislature in a city government
Chief executive of a city
money given by the national government to the states, for more specific purposes.
Money from the national government that states can spend with a broad purpose
Types of municipalities from biggest to smallest
City, town, township, village
Full Faith and Credit Clause
Rule that all states will accept any decisions made by the other states
executive of state government
What is an example of how federal and states work together?
What is the source of local governments powers?
3 main responsibilities of the governor
Appoint state officials, make the state budget, and carry out state laws.
In charge of all state funds and supervises the collection of taxes.
Secretary of State
In charge of the state records and carries out election laws. If a state has no lieutenant governor, they will take the governors spot.
In charge of the states legal/ things concerning the law. Represents the state in some court cases.
Makes sure that funds are used safely, with authorization, and wisely.
superintendent of public instruction
carry's out policies of state education
A form of municipal government where voters elect a mayor as executive body and a city council as legislative body.
Strong Mayor (city)
Elected mayor appoints officials, makes city budget and veto ordinances
Weak Mayor (city)
City council appoints department heads and is reported to instead of the mayor.
a municipal form of government where a small group make up the legislative and executive branch, with each member of the group given certain section of government (first seen in Galveston, TX)
commision government with an appointed city manager, that is the executive body of the city and appoints the heads of the departments
3 ways legislature can be bypassed at state level
referendum, initiative, recall
Example of delegated power
example of reserved powers
Example of concurrent powers
Ways state governments cooperate with eachother
How do the powers of state and federal government compare and contrast?