40 terms

MAK Prologue

Important vocabulary words on the study guide about the prologue
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Nomad
People who wandered place to place in search for food
Democracy
Government by the people; means "the rule of the people"
Natural Rights
Specific rights all people were born to have
Citizenship
A native or naturalized member of a state or other political community
Polis
The Greek word for city-state
Republic
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
Aristocracy
A government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility
Monarchy
A government in which power is in the hands of a single person (king or queen)
Knight
In the Middle Ages, a lesser noble who served as a mounted warrior for a lord
Samurai
Japanese warriors that protected the daimyo
Shogun
The Japanese top general
Genghis Khan
A Mongol that captured the Chinese capital (today's Beijing)
Neolithic Revolution
The shift from hunting of animals and gathering of food to the keeping of animals and the growing of food on a regular basis (around 8,000 BC)
Pyramid
Huge stone tombs with four triangle-shaped walls that meet at a point on the top
Pharaohs
Rulers of Egypt; means "great house"
Hieroglyphics
The form of writing Maya writing was based on; an ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds
Monotheism
The belief in one god
Feudalism
Also know as the feudal system (the political organization of lower nobles pledging loyalty and military service to higher nobles and people being governed by lords)
Vassal
The person who received a fief (the grant of land)
Crusades
A series of military expeditions that began with the Seljuk Turks gaining control of Jerusalem (the Holy Land)
William the Conquerer
The Norman King that invaded and ruled English from 1066 to 1087 (brought feudalism and laid the foundation for a strong monarchy)
Charlemagne
The greatest of all Frankish kings (worked to build a "New Rome")
Alexander the Great
The son of Philip II of Macedon; a very successful conqueror that spread the Hellenistic culture
Black Death
The plague that spread through Europe; the disease that was carried by rats on ships
Magna Carta
A document King John was forced to sign (by the nobles) in order to limit his power
Five Pillars of Islam
The rules all Muslims have to follow
Muhammad
A trader born in Mecca; the man that claimed to be the prophet of Allah (Arabic for God)
Muslims
Followers of Islam
Vikings
Germanic people that raided Europe and British Isles
Sabbath
A holy day for rest and worship (usually Sunday)
Gothic / Romanesque Cathedrals
Styles of church architecture
Korean Culture
The culture that was strongly shaped by China; the culture of the people who developed celadon pottery
Tang Dynasty
The Chinese dynasty where the first "Golden Age" occurred
Constantine
The Roman emperor that named the city he rebuilt (Byzantium) after himself
Daoism
Chinese philosophy; the religion taught by Laozi
Buddhism
The religion found by Siddhartha Gautama; the religion talking about the "Four Noble Truths"
Confucius
A leading Zhou philosopher that helped explain changes like the Mandate of Heaven
Hinduism
The religion Vedas formed the base of (spread throughout India)
Characteristics of Early Civilizations
* Agricultural surplus
* Division of labor
* A large city
Islam
The religion Muhammad spread