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Terms in this set (86)
Symbolism device where the meaning of a greater, abstract, concept, is conveyed with the aid of a more corporeal object or idea being used as an example.
Literary device where words are used in quick succession and begin with letter belonging to the same sound group. Involves creating a repetition of similar sounds in the sentence. Also created when all of the words begin with the same letter.
Figure of speech whereby the author refers to the subject matter such as a place, event, or other literary work by way of a passing reference.
Wherein the writer embellishes the sentence by adding more information in order to increase its worth and understanding. Writer adds more structure to give it more meaning.
The writer jumbles up parts of the word to create a new word. It is a form of wordplay.
A literary device that helps to establish a relationship based on similarities between two concepts or ideas.
The order of the noun and the adjective in the sentence is exchanged. The noun is followed by the adjective.
Lending a human quality, emotion, or ambition to a non-human object or being.
Two sentences of contrasting meanings in close proximity with one another. Creates stark contrast using two divergent elements coming together as a whole.
A concise statement that is made in a matter of fact tone to state a principal or an opinion that is generally understood to be a universal truth. Often wise sayings with an undertone of authority.
A reference to a concept, a person, or an object that has served as a prototype of its kind and is the original idea that has come to be used over and over again.
Repetition of sounds produced by vowels within a sentence or phrase. Sets it apart from alliteration because this is only vowels.
The author purposely leaves out conjunctions in the sentence, while maintaining the grammatical accuracy of the phrase. Creates compactness.
Where the author steps away from the text and talks to the reader. Establishes a one-on-one relationship between the author and reader.
The practice of basing a plot happening or event and anticipating the results in will have on a faction of the Bible.
A form of storytelling whereby the author bases the plot on the overall growth of the central character throughout the timeline of the story.
Use of phrases and words that imply strong, unpleasant sounds within a phrase. Sounds that create a disturbing, objectionable atmosphere.
Creating a fracture within a sentence where two separate parts are distinguishable for one another yet linked. Purpose is a dramatic pause.
Step-by-step process wherein a character of a story is brought to notice and then detailed upon in front of the reader. Reader is introduced to the character.
Literary tool with a rhetoric figure of speech. Contains two fractions in the phrase/prose/paragraph and they are in reversal of their structures for artistic affect.
Writer uses exaggeratedly long and complex sentences in order to convey a meaning that could have been shorter. Leaves the reader guessing and trying to grasp the meaning.
Used for expressing a resistance the protagonist of the story finds in achieving his aims/dreams.
A literary device where the meaning is not clearly stated and is instead conveyed through indirect means.
Repetition of sounds produced by consonants within a sentence or phrase.
Expressing a meaning or the significance of a part of a story in a straightforward, clear-cut manner. Denotation is the opposite of connotation.
Deus ex Machina
An incident where an implausible concept or character is brought into the story in order to make the conflict in the story resolve and to bring about a pleasing solution.
The distinctive tone or tenor of an author's writings. Not just a choice of words but mood, attitude, dialect, and style of writing.
A character in the story that is actually a counterfeit or copy of a real/genuine character. Can impersonate the original.
The form of writing, mostly poetry, wherein the author describes another work of art, usually visual. It is used to convey deeper symbolism.
Acts as the afterward once the last chapter is over. The purpose is to add a little insight to some interesting developments that happen once the major plot is over.
A descriptive device that is usually used to add a person or place's regular name and attribute some special quality to the same. It is descriptive words or phrases that can be used to enhance the persona of real and fictitious places, objects, persons, and divinities.
The literary practice of using a comarativley milder or less abrasive form of a negative description instead of its original, unsympathetic form. Used for sex, violence, death, and crimes.
The use of phrases or words that are noted for possessing an extensive degree of notable loveliness or melody in the sound they create. Common in prose and poetry.
The practice placing together similarly structured related phrases, words or clauses.
The writer/author depicts the occurrence of specific events to the reader, which have taken place before the present time the narration is following.
The author creates a character whose primary purpose is to create a contrast to another character by laying emphasis or drawing attention to the latter's traits and characteristics.
Use of indicative words/phrases and hints that set a stage for a story to unfold and give the reader a hint of something that is going to happen without revealing the story or spoiling the suspense.
Overly arrogant. Characters portray hubris.
The author plays with the regular positioning of words and phrases and creates a differently structured sentence to convey something with the same meaning.
The author uses specific words and phrases to exaggerate and overemphasize the basic crux of the statement in order to produce grander, more noticeable affect.
The author uses words and phrases to create "mental images" for the reader. Helps the reader visualize the writing of the author.
A practice of forming rhyme in only one long line of verse. Typically constructed in the middle of the line to rhyme with the bit at the end.
The practice of changing the conventional placement of words.
The playing around with words such that the meaning implied is actually different from the literal meaning derived. Irony often suggests the stark contrast of the literal.
Where the author places a person, concept, place, idea, or theme parallel to another. This is two highlight the contrast between the two parallels. It is also used for etching out a character in detail.
Where the author uses a twist of words, figure of speech, or poetic phrase or a newly created compound sentence or phrase to refer to a person, object, place, action or idea.
The practice of misusing words by substituting words with similar sounding words that have different, often unconnected meanings, and thus creating a state of confusion, misunderstanding, and amusement.
A meaning or identity ascribed to one subject by way of another. One subject is implied to be another, so as to draw a comparison between their similarities and shared traits.
The practice of not using the formal word for an object/subject and instead referring to it by using another word that is intricately linked to the formal name/word.
A definitive stance the author adopts in shaping a specific emotional perspective towards the subject of the literary work.
Any element, subject, idea or concept that is constantly present through the entire body of literature. The repetition if a specific theme dominating a literary work.
The idea that literary achievers and poets should be able to come to terms with the fact that some matters might have been left unresolved and uncertain in a work of literature.
A situation of poetic justice wherein the positive characters are rewarded and the negative characters are penalized.
Words whose very sound is very close to the sound they are meant to depict. It refers to sound words whose pronunciation to the actual/noise they represent.
When an author uses contradictory, contrasting concepts placed together in a manner that actually ends up making sense in a strange, and slightly complex manner.
The use of concepts/ideas that are contradictory to one another, yet, when placed together they hold significant value on several levels.
The author ascribes the human feelings of one or more of his/her characters to non-human objects or nature or phenomena. It is a type of personification, and is known to occur more by accident and less on purpose.
A particular placement of sentence elements such as its main clause of the sentence and/or its predicate are purposely held off and placed at the end instead of at the beginning or their conventional positions. Lends a flair of romanticism and drama to a sentence and is greatly used in poetry.
The use of excessive language and surplus words to convey a meaning that could otherwise be conveyed with fewer words and in more direct a manner. This can be used to embellish a sentence or to create a grander effect.
The practice of attaching human traits and characteristics with inanimate objects, phenomena, and animals.
The sequence of events and happenings that make up a story. The main outcome and order of a story. Also can refer to the conflict or clash occurring as part of the story.
Point of View
The manner in which a story is narrated/depicted and who it is that tells the story. Determines the point of view and angle and perception of the story and how it is unfolding. It influences the tone in which the story is taking place.
The process of using conjunctions or connecting words frequently in a sentence, placed very close to one another, as opposed to the normal form of placing them sparsely from each other.
The practice of joining together two or more words in order to create an entirely new word. This is often done in order to create a name or word for something by combining the individual characteristics of 2 or more words.
An introduction to a story that usually sets the tone for the story and acts as a bit of a backgrounder or a "sneak peek" into the story.
Where a word is used in a manner to suggest two or more possible meanings. This is generally done to the effect of creating humor or irony.
The practice of rhyming words placed at the end of lines in the prose/poetry. The order which particular words rhyme.
Rhythm & Rhyme
The pattern of rhymes that is created by using words that produce the same, or similar sounds. Used in poetry and prose to create a gentle, musical effect.
The practice of making fun of a human weakness or character flaw.
Used to identify and establish the time, place, and mood of the events of the story. It basically helps in establishing where and when and under what circumstances the story is taking place.
The practice of drawing parallels or comparisons between two unrelated and dissimilar things, people, beings, places, and concepts. Similes use the word like or as.
The practice of interchanging the first letters of some words in order to create new words or even to create nonsensical words in order to create humorous settings. Witty word-play.
A single, related chunk of lines in poetry. One unit or group of lines, which forms one particular faction of poetry.
Stream of consciousness
An uninterrupted and unhindered collection and occurrence of thoughts and ideas in the conscious mind. The flow of these thoughts, with reference to a particular character's thinking process.
The intense feeling that an audience goes through while waiting for the outcome of certain events. Leaves the reader holding their breath and waiting for more information.
When a single word influences or regulates two or more than two other words needs to be comprehended individually and in light of every particular ensuing word. It is often a comical, wry, and witty effect.
A literary device that contains several levels of meaning, often concealed at first, and it is representative of several other concepts/aspects/traits than those that are visible in literary translation alone.
A literary device that uses part of something to refer to the whole. It is rhetorical in nature, where the entire object is represented by way of a faction of it or a faction of the object is symbolized by the full.
The depiction of a strong connection, link or bond between the senses.
The actual way in which words and sentences are placed together in the writing. Syntax usually follows the pattern of subject-verb-object agreement but sometimes authors plays around play around with this to achieve lyrical, rhythmic, rhetoric or questioning affect.
The base topic or focus that acts as a foundation for the entire literary piece. Basically the main subject.
The perspective or attitude that the author adopts with regards to a specific character, place, or development. Tone can portray a variety of emotions.
A series of unfortunate events by which one or more literary characters in the story undergo several misfortunes, which finally culminate into a disaster of "epic proportions."
The practice of drawing attention to a fact that is already obvious and noticeable. Usually done in a way of sarcasm, irony, wryness, or any other form of dry humor.
Wherein the quality of a seeming truthfulness or verity is ascribed to a person, notion, concept, statement, or event. The quality of the stated seeming to be true and correct and accurate.
Refers to any single, lone line of a poetry composition. Can also refer to a stanza or any other part of poetry.
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