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5 terms

Laboratory and diagnostic tests

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Cholesterol
High levels may causes cardiac disease, liver problems, low thyroid, or diabetes
Triglycerides
High level may cause arterial disease
BUN
Blood urea nitrogen
Measures waste produced in the liver and excreted by the kidneys. Most specific lab for hydration.
High levels might indicate kidney problems/ renal disease, dehydration, GI bleeding. Maybe caused by high protein diets, CHF, or strenuous exercise.
Low levels may be caused by pregnancy.
Creatinine
Substance produced by muscle. This test is done to diagnose kidney dysfunction.
Most specific lab for renal damage if elevated.
High level may indicate impaired kidney function, renal failure.
some medications may increase the levels. S&s: coma.
Calcium
Calcium is controlled in the blood by the parathyroid glands and the kidneys, and is found mostly in the bones. it is important for clotting and nerve and cell activity.