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40 terms

World History & Geography 1

world history review.
STUDY
PLAY
Homer
blind poet who wrote the Odyssey and Iliad
Zeus
a greek god, greeks believed he was the most powerful god
Monarchy
a single person, called a king, ruled in government
Draco
the person who made all Atheniens equal under the law
Solon
the person who made debt slavery illegal
Aeschylus
wrote greek trageties, wrote more then 80 plays, including the oresteia
Marathon
a battle where the greeks beat the Persians and the Pheidippides ran to Athens to tell the news
Salamis
a naval battle where the greeks beat the Persians, it was the end of the Persian War
Direct Democracy
a form of government in which the citizens rule directly, not through representatives
Filal Piety
a practice of respect for their parents and ancestors, taught by Confucius
Oracle Bones
animal bones and tortoise shells on which priests had scratched questions for the gods
Dynastic Cycle
rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties, historical pattern
Fuedalism
a political system which nobles or lords are granted the use of lands that legally belong to the king, peasants work for nobles for protection
Cyrus
Persia's king, greatly expanded the Persian empire, freed the Jews
Archaeologist
specially trained scientists who work like detectives to uncover the story of prehistoric people
Fossil
evidence of early life preserved in rocks
Technology
ways of applying knowledge
Nomad
highly mobile people, who moved from place to place to find food
Institution
a long lasting pattern of organization in a community
Hera
The goddess of marriage in Greek religion.
Monotheism
Belief in one god.
Athena
The goddess of war and wisdom in Greek religion.
Aphrodite
The goddess of love in Greek religion.
Apollo
The god of music and poetry in Greek religion.
Artemis
The goddess of hunting and childbirth in Greek religion.
Zoroaster
The Persians followed the religious teachings of him.
Carthage
The most powerful Phoenician colony in North Africa.
Exodus
The mass movement of the Hebrews out of Egypt led by Moses.
Polytheism
Belief in many gods.
Assyrians
Feared conquerers of Northern Mesopotamia.
Brahma
A Hindu god the created the universe.
Asoka
A king of the Mauryan Empire that helped spread Buddhism.
Hieroglyphics
An Egyptian form of writing.
The Great Wall of China
A wall that was built to keep out nomadic invaders.
Daoism
Chinese belief system which prompted harmony with nature.
Bureaucracy
A trained Chinese civil service department formed to carry out the work of the government.
Legalism
Chinese political philosophy which stated that a powerful government is the key to social order.
Shang Dynasty
Dynasty that unified China.
Tyranny
A type of government ruled by a person who gained support from the poor.
Aristocracy
A type of government where a group of noble, landowning people rule.