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Arts and Humanities
Social Studies China Study Guide
Terms in this set (66)
Lasted for nearly 300 years, rulers worked to restore a strong centeral goverment, brought back the system and of civic service exams (confucianism), and also gave land to farmers and brought back the peace.
independent state that has to acknowledge the supremacy of another state and pay tribute to its ruler, sending a tribute to the superior power
Breakup of large agricultural holdings for redistribution among peasants (farmers), the process of breaking up large landholdings to attain a more balanced land distribution among farmers
Built in 7th century during reign of Yangdi during Sui dynasty; designed to link the original centers of Chinese civilization on the north China plain with the Yangtze river basin to the south; nearly 1200 miles long. Links Yellow and Yangtze River.
rise and fall of Chinese dynasties according to the Mandate of Heaven, the historical latter of the rise, decline, and replacement of societies.
(960-1279 CE) The Chinese dynasty that placed much more emphasis on civil administration, industry, education, and arts other than military. Faced many challenges, didn't have enough military forces to protect entire empire, nomads took over part of their empire.
(221-207 BCE) The first centralized dynasty of China that used Legalism as its base of belief. Built a lot of the Great Wall, unites empire and removes people that disagree, buried in largest tombs. Led by emperor Qin.
Ruler of China who united China for the first time. He built road and canals and began the Great Wall of China. He also imposed a standard system of laws, money, weights, and writing. (r.221-210 BCE) The first emperor of the Qin Dynasty who believed strongly in Legalism and sought to strengthen the centralized China through public works.
A general term for a class of prosperous families, sometimes including but often ranked below the rural aristocrats., wealthy land owning class.
Practice in Chinese society to mutilate women's feet in order to make them smaller; produced pain and restricted women's movement; made it easier to confine women to the household. Chinese practice of tightly wrapping girls' feet to keep them small, begun in the Tang dynasty; an emphasis on small size and delicacy was central to views of female beauty.
an empire founded in the 12th century by Genghis Khan, which reached its greatest territorial extent in the 13th century, encompassing the larger part of Asia and extending westward to the Dnieper River in eastern Europe. They were nomadic people (skilled horseman and used terror and intimidation to conquer many cities.
Founder of the Mongol Empire, led a large conquest of Asia.
Era of relative peace and stability created by the Mongol Empire, provided safety to Eurasia and Silk Road
An ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean Sea extending some 6,440 km (4,000 mi) and linking China with the Roman Empire. Marco Polo followed the route on his journey to Cathay. Helped spread culture and trade and connected China, India and the Middle East.
Founded the Yuan dynasty, unites china with some changes to government and tolerates Chinese cults.
European explorer/merchant increased knowledge about China and wrote down experiences with the mongols
A major dynasty that ruled China from the mid-fourteenth to the mid-seventeenth century. It was marked by a great expansion of Chinese commerce into East Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia.
Chinese admiral during the Ming Dynasty, he led great voyages that spread China's fame throughout Asia, An imperial eunuch and Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor Yongle with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa.
a ceramic made of fine clay baked at very high temperatures
a military commander exercising civil power by force, usually in a limited area; military leaders who lead their own armies
a member of an upper class of society, usually made up of hereditary nobility; people of noble birth whose wealth came from the land they owned
a person that someone is descended from; long-dead family members
a symbol in a writing system based on pictures; characters that represent objects
a symbol in a writing system that represents a thing or an idea; another type used in Chinese writing.
Mandate of Heaven
the belief that the Chinese king's right to rule came from the gods
Chinese system of beliefs which describes the way a king (person) must rule
a system of beliefs based on the teachings of Confucius; duty is central idea
a Chinese philosophy concerned with obtaining long life and living in harmony with nature; promoted peaceful society
a Chinese philosophy that stressed the importance of laws; known as "School of Law"
the responsibility children have to respect, obey, and care for their parents; families practiced this
an official who watches others for correct behavior; make sure government workers did their jobs
the administrative service of a government; government workers were chose on the basis of competitive tests
originally, a Chinese practice of inserting fine needles through the skin at specific points to treat disease or relieve pain
a new form of the ideas of the philosopher Confucius; included Buddhist and Daoist beliefs
flat, dry grassland; animals grazed these
3 KINGDOMS OF KOREA
They shared language and background. Silla, koryo, and paekche.
Bhuddism and art flourished and were heavily influenced by Chinese culture. (The first ruling dynasty to bring a measure of political unity to the Korean peninsula (688-900).)
Korean dynasty, Confucianism and Buddhism are major influences on this time.
Korean dynasty that succeeded Koryo dynasty following period of Mongol invasions; established in 1392; ruled Korea to 1910; restored aristocratic dominance and Chinese influence.
alphabet that uses symbols to represent the sounds of spoken Korean, Korean language
A Naval Ship that looks like a Tank, used to defeat the Japanese, Korean armored tanks.
still divided on 38th parallel, communism is contained in the north, Korean unity lasted almost 1300 years-however it eventually split. North Korea is a communist country and South Korea a democracy. North Korea has close ties with China and South Korea with the U.S.
belief in gods and spirits; certain people could talk to gods
The single person who takes on the roles of priest, counselor, and physician and acts as a conduit to the supernatural world in a shamanist culture. Heal people for religious ceremonies....
A chain of islands, and expanse of water with many scattered islands.
4 MAIN ISLANDS OF JAPAN
Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu
A giant wave usually caused by an earthquake beneath the ocean floor. (Undersea)
United and conquered all clans, japans first and only dynasty, lasted 1,000 years, believed to be descendants from the sun god.
The belief that bodies of water, animals, trees, and other natural objects have spirits, Belief in spirits that are outside the body.
A Japanese religion whose followers believe that all things in the natural world are filled with divine spirits
CHINESE INFLUENCE ON KOREA
Korean court organized in a similar manner to China
Modeled capital - Kumsong - after changan
Took chinese writings back to Korea
Confucianism popular for elite, chan Buddhism popular for peasants
CHINESE INFLUENCE OF JAPAN
the Japanese studied the strong central government of China and worked to create ultimate authority in the Emperor's government rather than with the leaders of clans
in the Japanese writing system, phonetic symbols representing syllables, Japanese system of writing with simplified Chinese characters that are used phonetically.
Any sacred being worshipped in Shinto including nature spirits and ancestors, a divine being in Shinto religion.
(794 - 1100) move the capital to Heian; 300 years of developing a new culture; growth of large estates; arts and literature of china flourished; elaborate court life; personal diaries (pillow book and the take of genji); moved away from chinese culture
creates very powerful lords that exchange loyalty for land and power, emperor is just a figure head, shoguns held the real power. A political and social system based on the granting of land in exchange for loyalty, military assistance, and other services
a military governor who ruled Japan; commander of military forces
A Japanese feudal lord who commanded a private army of samurai, large land owners, Vassos lord
a warrior who served a Japanese lord and lived by a strict code of loyalty; nobles gave land to these warriors who agreed to fight for them
the code of honor and morals developed by the Japanese samurai. The Feudal Japanese code of honor among the warrior class.
Where a Samurai commits suicide if they brought dishonor or instead of turning themselves in, ritual suicide.
MONGOL INVASION OF JAPAN
Typhoon destroyed Mongol fleet, Japan thought they had been saved by God.
a type of Japanese drama in which music, dance, and mime are used to present stories
A japanese form of poetry, consisting of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables, popular in japan.
Japanese suicide pilots who loaded their planes with explosives and crashed them into American ships.
Ring of Fire
Lots of volcanos in the Pacific Ocean by japan
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