Unit 9: WWI and Russia Test
Terms in this set (50)
A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
Otto von Bismarck
German chancellor who united Germany through war but then wanted to build alliances to isolate France and keep peace in Europe
An alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy in the years before WWI.
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Leader of Germany during WWI, proud of strong army, wanted to prove his power in Europe, forced Bismarck into retirement.
A military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years preceding World War I.
Archduke of Austria-Hungary assassinated by a Serbian nationalist. A major catalyst for WWI.
Austria-Hungary, Germany, Ottoman Empire
Great Britain, France, and Russia, later joined by the US, Japan and Italy
In WWI, the region of Northern France where the forces of the Allies and the Central Powers battled each other mostly in stagnant trench warfare.
Germany's military plan at the outbreak of World War I, according to which German troops would rapidly defeat France and then move east to attack Russia to avoid fighting a war on both fronts.
Fighting with trenches, mines, and barbed wire. Horrible living conditions, great slaughter, no gains, stalemate, used in WWI.
Eastern Front of WWI
War between Germany and Russia; more mobile, less trenches, but cold Russian winters
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
Germany's Policy of sinking ships with their U-boats, enemy or neutral, that carry war material
A war that involves the complete mobilization of resources and people, affecting the lives of all citizens in the warring countries, even those remote from the battlefields.
Restricting the amount of food and other goods people may buy during wartime to assure adequate supplies for the military
information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
an agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce.
A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died. The sinking greatly turned American opinion against the Germans, helping the move towards entering the war.
Telegram in which Germany encouraged Mexico to attack US to get back land in an effort to keep US out of World War I; partial reason US entered WWI
Spanish Flu Epidemic
Worldwide pandemic that killed many people (more deaths than in the WWI)
President of the United States (1913-1921) and the leading figure at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. He was unable to persuade the U.S. Congress to ratify the Treaty of Versailles or join the League of Nations.
"tiger of France", the French prime minister who wanted to ensure that Germany would never again threaten France; at the Paris Peace Conference.
A series of proposals in which U.S. president Woodrow Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after World War I.
the right of people to choose their own form of government
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty that ended WW I. It blamed Germany for WW I and handed down harsh punishment.
War Guilt Clause
A provision in the Treaty of Versailles by which Germany acknowledged that it alone was responsible for WWI
League or Nations
A world organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace. It was first proposed in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson. The US never joined.
system that developed in the wake of World War I when the former colonies ended up mandates under European control, a thinly veiled attempt at continuing imperialism
Autocratic Russian czar, increased use of secret police, censorship, exiles to Siberia, Russian unification to suppress non-Russians, pogroms
an organized massacre of a particular ethnic group, in particular that of Jews in Russia or eastern Europe.
Last tsar of Russia, he went to the frontlines in WWI to try to rally the troops, but was forced to abdicate after his wife made horrible decisions under the influence of Rasputin.
Constructed in 1870s to connect European Russia with the Pacific; completed by the end of the 1880s; brought Russia into a more active Asian role. Longest continuous railway in the world at the time.
Marx's term for the exploited class, the mass of workers who do not own the means of production
A party of revolutionary Marxists, led by Vladimir Lenin, who seized power in Russia in 1917.
1917 uprising in Russia led by Vladimir Lenin which established a communist government and withdrew Russia from World War I.
Self-proclaimed holy man who claimed to heal the sick. He had much influence over Tsarina Alexandra and she often went to him for advise on political issues. Killed by nobles who feared his growing power.
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR.
In Russia 1905 Russian soldiers inadvertently opened fire on peaceful protestors, turning them against the csar. Possibly the start of the Revolution.
A temporary government created by the Duma after the abdication of the czar; it made the decision to remain in World War One, costing it the support of the Soviets and the people.
one of the local representative councils formed in Russia after the downfall of Czar Nicholas II
A political party practicing the ideas of Karl Marx and Lenin
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition
A political system in which the government has total control over government, economy and the lives of individual citizens.
The widespread arrests and executions of over a million people by Stalin in an attempt to eliminate all opposition to his rule of the Soviet Union.
An economic system in which the government makes all economic decisions.
Five Year Plan
Stalin's economic policy to rebuild the Soviet economy after WWI. tried to improve heavy industry and improve farm output, but resulted in famine
a farm or group of farms run by the government, as in a communist state
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
World War I & The Russian Revolution
Hackmann World War I test
World History Chapter 29 Vocab
04 - World War I and the Russian Revolution - HONORS
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
AP COGO Summer Vocab 3
AP Summer Vocab Practice Test 2
AP Summer Vocab Practice Quiz 1
AP COGO Mexico Test
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Progress & Imperialism
Renaissance Unit Test
Reformation Unit Test
Absolutism/French Rev/Napoleon Test