Psychology Unit 4: Sleep & Dreams
Freud, Jung, Sleep Cycle, Circadian Rhythm
Terms in this set (32)
REM stands for
Rapid Eye Movement
How many stages of sleep are there?
The first stage of sleep is characterized by:
ten minutes in, pulse slows, muscles relax, irregular brain waves
The second stage of sleep is characterized by:
10-30 minutes in, conscious awareness disappears, "sleep spindle" brain waves appear
The third stage of sleep is characterized by:
brief transitional period between light and deep sleep
The fourth stage of sleep is characterized by:
50% of the time is spent in this stage; sleep disorders such as sleepwalking and night terrors occur at this stage
The fifth stage of sleep is characterized by:
REM sleep occurs; brain is as active as if it were awake; stage of dreams
At what level of consciousness are thoughts and perceptions?
At what level of consciousness are memories and stored knowledge?
At what level of consciousness are sexual urges and selfish desires?
Sub-conscious or Un-concious level
What is the Circadian Rhythm?
biological regulation of activity and inactivity lasting approximately one day
What is Insomnia?
Failure to get enough sleep at night in order to feel rested the next day
What is Sleep Apnea?
a person has trouble breathing during sleep; Specific type of snoring; Low levels of oxygen trigger breathing reflexes
What is Narcolepsy?
Condition in which someone suddenly moves into the deep stages of sleep
What are nightmares?
frightening dreams occuring during REM sleep
What are night terrors?
sleep disruptions that occur during Stage IV of sleep; Involve pain and confusion
What is sleepwalking?
Carrying out behaviors while asleep that are typically associated with being awake
What is hypnosis?
State of consciousness resulting from a narrowed focus of attention and characterized by heightened suggestibility
What is biofeedback?
process of learning to control bodily states with the help of machines to monitor the states to be controlled
What is meditation?
the focusing of attention to clear one's mind and produce relaxation
According to Freud, what is the purpose of dreams?
every action and thought is motivated by your unconscious at some level.
According to Freud, what is the manifest content of dreams?
what the dream seems to be saying
According to Freud, what is the latent content of dreams?
what the dream is really trying to say
What is Freud's dream theory of displacement?
This occurs when the desire for one thing or person is symbolized by something or someone else
What is Freud's dream theory of projection?
This happens when the dreamer propels their own desires and wants onto another person
What is Freud's dream theory of symbolization?
This is characterized when the dreamer's repressed urges or suppressed desires are acted out metaphorically
What is Freud's dream theory of condensation?
This is the process in which the dreamer hides their feelings or urges by contracting it or underplaying it into a brief dream image or event. Thus the meaning of this dream imagery may not be apparent or obvious.
What is Freud's dream theory of rationalization?
This is regarded as the final stage of dream work. The dreaming mind organizes an incoherent dream into one that is more comprehensible and logical. This is also known as secondary revision.
According to Jung, what is the purpose of dreams?
dreams revealed both the personal and collective unconscious and believed that dreams serve to compensate for parts of the psyche that are underdeveloped in waking life.
What is Jung's "anima" archtype?
symbolic of the female
What is Jung's "shadow" archtype?
symbolic of the self
What is Jung's "animus" archtype?
symbolic of the male