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All of the following are lifestyle risk factors for chronic diseases except
family history of chronic disease
Dewayne is a 22-year-old obese college student with Asian ancestry, who smokes cigarettes, doesn't drink alcohol, and doesn't like to eat fruits and vegetables. Which of the following characteristics increases Dewayne's risk of chronic diseases later in his life? (Check all that apply.)
- Being obese
Sharia is a 24-year-old college student with white ancestry. Sharia smokes cigarettes, eats nuts and whole-grains, but she doesn't like to consume vegetables. Which of the following characteristics increases Sharia's risk of chronic diseases later in her life? (Check all that apply.)
- Avoiding vegetables
Samantha is a 19-year-old college student with Italian ancestry. Although Samantha smokes cigarettes, she doesn't like the taste of alcohol. When choosing foods, she avoids refined grain products, dairy foods, and salads. She spends much of her time in class, texting friends, studying, watching videos, or sleeping. Which of the following characteristics increases Samantha's risk of chronic diseases later in her life? (Check all that apply.)
What are the top two leading causes of death in the United States that are associated with poor diet?
Heart disease and cancer
Ads for a popular over-the-counter cold remedy that contains vitamin C suggest that megadoses of the vitamin help prevent or minimize the effects of the common cold. If the label on the product's package states that each pill contains 1,000 mg of vitamin C, how many grams of vitamin C is in each pill?
1 gram of vitamin C
Undernutrition and overnutrition are both problems in the United States. All of the following statements are true except
Overnutrition is less common in the United States than undernutrition is.
Choose the answer that best describes human cells.
Cells use nutrients from food to carry out their metabolic activity.
Companies may manufacture functional foods for specific health-related benefits. From the list below, check all the statements that describe a functional food. (Check all that apply.)
- Yogurt contains live and active bacterial cultures, which may help people with certain intestinal disorders.
- Frozen orange juice has calcium and vitamin D added to it, which may help people with brittle bones.
A healthy diet
generally changes during different stages of life.
From the choices below, check all the statements that apply to the description of white flour. (Check all that apply.)
- White flour consists of the endosperm part of the wheat kernel.
- White flour is an example of a processed food.
An antioxidant _____. (Check all that apply.)
- protects cells from harmful environmental factors
- may reduce the risk of heart disease
Which of the following conditions is a leading cause of death in the United States that's related to dietary practices?
Which of the following nutrients is a source of energy?
A serving of food contains 15 g carbohydrate, 3 g protein, 5 g fat, 5 mg vitamin C, and 4 ounces of water. Based on this information, a serving of this food supplies ____ kcal.
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