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40 terms

AP 11 Lit Terms 3

This is the third set for AP 11 literary and rhetorical terms
STUDY
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oxymoron
two contradictory words joined together; a condensed form of paradox
paradox
a seemingly contradictory statement or idea which resolves itself upon further logical investigation
paraphrase
rewording another person's statements for the purpose of clarification; approximately the same length as the original
plot
sequence of events rendered in a narrative or drama
exposition
beginning of a narrative or drama; establishes setting, voice, characters, and conflict
rising action
second stage in development of narrative or drama; tension builds as characters struggle to resolve conflict
climax
turning point in narrative or drama; main conflicts are at their high points and solution is emminent
falling action
stage in narrative or drama that shows the immediate effects of the climax,
resolution
final part of a narrative or drama; conflict is resolved and remaining questions usu. answered; aka denoument
personification
giving human characteristics to inanimate objects or animals
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
omniscient
describes a point of view that includes all of the characters' thoughts and feelings
limited
describes a point of view that is restricted to one character
first person
describes a point of view in which the narrator tells the story from his/ her own perspective using the pronouns I, we, my, etc.
third person
describes a point of view in which the narrator uses the pronouns he, she, it, etc., but not I or me.
prose
writing in paragraphs, as opposed to verse
pun
a phrase that deliberately exploits confusion between two similarly-sounding words or homophones
protagonist
the central character in a story
rhetoric
the art of using language effectively and convincingly, especially to persuade or argue
rhetorical appeals
the ways in which a writer can influence his/ her audience; there are 3: logos, ethos, and pathos
logos
appeal to reason (think logic)
ethos
appeal to moral and values (think ethics)
pathos
appeal to emotion (think sympathy)
rhetorical fallacies
flawed logic that makes an argument invalid
rhetorical question
a technique wherein an author poses a question that does not require an answer; the answer is implicit and the question results in an emotional effect
satire
writing that pokes fun at its subject in order to point out flaws in people or society; uses exaggeration, irony, and sarcasm
setting
the time and place of a scene in a story
short story
a work of fiction that can be read in one sitting
style
the way an author suprises us by manipulating sound, meaning, and structure; can be expressed w/ an adjective, but is better when described and supported (contrast with tone and voice)
syntax
sentence structure (Here are some types: simple, compound, complex, periodic, cumulative)
theme
an insight about human life that an author of fiction, drama, or poetry conveys to the reader; is 1-2 sentences long, contains main ideas, and is universal
stated theme
a quote from the text that gives an insight about human life; author writes it
implied theme
the reader interprets the insight on human life that a story conveys; reader discovers it
thesis
the main point of an essay (nonfiction), expressed in a 1-2 sentence statement and including the main ideas in the body of the paper
tragic hero
a literary character who, though being well-liked, makes an error in judgment or fatal flaw and brings about his demise
tone
the author's attitude toward his/ her subject, usu. described with an adjective (contrast w/ style)
verse
lines of poetry, as opposed to writing in prose
voice
the persona an author takes on when writing; unique to one author or one story only (contrast w/ style)
juxtaposition
placing two contrasting characters, images, ideas, etc. side by side
zeugma
a figure of speech in which one verb or adjective is used to describe two different nouns, often in an interesting or shocking way. Ex: He carried a strobe light and the responsibility for the lives of his men.