40 terms

AP 11 Lit Terms 3

This is the third set for AP 11 literary and rhetorical terms
two contradictory words joined together; a condensed form of paradox
a seemingly contradictory statement or idea which resolves itself upon further logical investigation
rewording another person's statements for the purpose of clarification; approximately the same length as the original
sequence of events rendered in a narrative or drama
beginning of a narrative or drama; establishes setting, voice, characters, and conflict
rising action
second stage in development of narrative or drama; tension builds as characters struggle to resolve conflict
turning point in narrative or drama; main conflicts are at their high points and solution is emminent
falling action
stage in narrative or drama that shows the immediate effects of the climax,
final part of a narrative or drama; conflict is resolved and remaining questions usu. answered; aka denoument
giving human characteristics to inanimate objects or animals
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
describes a point of view that includes all of the characters' thoughts and feelings
describes a point of view that is restricted to one character
first person
describes a point of view in which the narrator tells the story from his/ her own perspective using the pronouns I, we, my, etc.
third person
describes a point of view in which the narrator uses the pronouns he, she, it, etc., but not I or me.
writing in paragraphs, as opposed to verse
a phrase that deliberately exploits confusion between two similarly-sounding words or homophones
the central character in a story
the art of using language effectively and convincingly, especially to persuade or argue
rhetorical appeals
the ways in which a writer can influence his/ her audience; there are 3: logos, ethos, and pathos
appeal to reason (think logic)
appeal to moral and values (think ethics)
appeal to emotion (think sympathy)
rhetorical fallacies
flawed logic that makes an argument invalid
rhetorical question
a technique wherein an author poses a question that does not require an answer; the answer is implicit and the question results in an emotional effect
writing that pokes fun at its subject in order to point out flaws in people or society; uses exaggeration, irony, and sarcasm
the time and place of a scene in a story
short story
a work of fiction that can be read in one sitting
the way an author suprises us by manipulating sound, meaning, and structure; can be expressed w/ an adjective, but is better when described and supported (contrast with tone and voice)
sentence structure (Here are some types: simple, compound, complex, periodic, cumulative)
an insight about human life that an author of fiction, drama, or poetry conveys to the reader; is 1-2 sentences long, contains main ideas, and is universal
stated theme
a quote from the text that gives an insight about human life; author writes it
implied theme
the reader interprets the insight on human life that a story conveys; reader discovers it
the main point of an essay (nonfiction), expressed in a 1-2 sentence statement and including the main ideas in the body of the paper
tragic hero
a literary character who, though being well-liked, makes an error in judgment or fatal flaw and brings about his demise
the author's attitude toward his/ her subject, usu. described with an adjective (contrast w/ style)
lines of poetry, as opposed to writing in prose
the persona an author takes on when writing; unique to one author or one story only (contrast w/ style)
placing two contrasting characters, images, ideas, etc. side by side
a figure of speech in which one verb or adjective is used to describe two different nouns, often in an interesting or shocking way. Ex: He carried a strobe light and the responsibility for the lives of his men.