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Ch. 12 3.1-4.3
Terms in this set (24)
who became the US president in 1844?
James Knox Polk
what states did Polk want to control?
Oregon, California, Texas
who did polk send to Mexico to buy California? and for how much?
Polk sent a "Diplomat" John Slidell to Mexico to buy California for $25 million dollars
what day did the Mexican-American War start?
May 13, 1846
what did General Stephen Kearney do in August of 1846?
Kearney and his troops marched to Santa Fe expecting to battle the Mexican Army for control. But when they got there, they found the city unguarded, so they claimed the land for the US
Bear Flag Revolt
Rebellion by Americans on June 14, 1846 against Mexican rule of California. the American settlers declared independence and used the California flag as a symbol. (bear= strength and independence; red= courage)
what happened to cause the Republic of California to not last very long as their own country?
US immediately tool control of California's land and it became apart of the US
who was the leader of the American troops that attacked in Mexico?
who was American General that attacked by sea?
In the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, what became the border between Texas and Mexico?
what territories did the US gain in the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo?
California, Nevada, Utah; and parts of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming
what issue worried many Americans about all this new land?
what became the Northern border of the US from an agreement with Britain?
what was the Gadsden Purchase in 1853?
US purchased southern parts of New Mexico and Arizona from Mexico to gain access to the transcontinental railroad
when was gold first found in Sutter's Fort, California?
January 24, 1848
people in search of valuable resources found in the earth
using a shallow pan to scoop up gravel and sift out dirt to reveal gold
what does Eureka mean and what it's origin?
an Ancient Greek word that means "I have found it!"
a year after the gold rush, how many people moved to California?
why were they nicknamed Forty-Niners?
because many people moved to California in 1849
who were the Californios?
settlers of Spanish or Mexican descent who populated California
What were boomtowns?
mining camps that grew into crowded towns overnight
when did California become the 31st state?
September 9, 1850
Was California a free or slave state?
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