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Macromolecule Flash Cards
Terms in this set (12)
a molecule that is made up of amino acids and that is needed to build and repair body structures and to regulate processes in the body.
macromolecules used for energy storage, cell membranes, and waterproofing
organic compound used by cells to store and release energy; composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
an organic compound, either RNA or DNA, whose molecules are made up of one or two chains of nucleotides and carry genetic information
A reaction in which two molecules become covalently bonded to each other through the loss of a small molecule, usually water; also called dehydration reaction.
A chemical reaction in which molecules combine by removing water
a simple sugar that is the basic subunit of a carbohydrate
A double sugar, consisting of two monosaccharides joined by dehydration synthesis.
a complex molecule composed of three or more monosaccharides
describes a molecule in which the positive and negative charges are separated
equal sharing of electrons
weak chemical bond formed by the attraction of positively charged hydrogen atoms to other negatively charged atoms