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Chapter 6: Running Water and Groundwater
Information regarding running water and groundwater.
Terms in this set (33)
critical settling velocity
Velocity at which sediment begins to settle out based on particle size.
Material deposited from a stream.
Sweeping bends in a stream.
Abandoned bend of stream no longer fed by the main stream.
A new, shorter channel segment.
Lowest level a stream can erode.
Board, flat, alluvium-covered valley floor.
Depositional landform that forms when streams enter relatively calm waters and sediments are deposited.
Natural or manmade depositional landform from successive flooding that creates parallel floodplains.
Area of stream where erosion dominates.
Process more common when stream velocity slows.
Vertical drop of a stream over a certain distance.
Amount of water flowing past a certain point in a given unit of time.
Location where stream originates.
Location where stream empties into another body of water.
Stream load carried in solution.
Fine sediment such as clay or silt flowing in the body of a stream.
Sediment that moves intermittently along the bottom of a stream channel.
The continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back
balance in the water cycle
the average annual precipitation over Earth equals the amount of water that evaporates
(geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding something down (as by particles washing over it)
Speed and direction
A mixture in which particles can be seen and easily separated by settling or filtration
the area from which a single stream or river and its tributaries drains all of the water
water found below the Earth's surface.
permeable rock layers or sediments that freely transmit groundwater
an underground chamber formed by erosion
A type of landscape in rainy regions where there is limestone near the surface, characterized by caverns, sinkholes, stalagmites and valleys
can from when rainwater containing carbon dioxide dissolves underground rock
..., A very heavy flow of water, which is greater than the normal flow of water and goes over the stream's normal channel.
..., A ridge of land that separates one watershed from another.
..., A fountain of water and steam that builds up pressure underground and erupts at regular intervals.
..., A well in which water rises because of pressure within the aquifer
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