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PSYCH TEST 3
Terms in this set (89)
If you heard that you have a new neighbor moving in who had spent time in a mental hospital what would you expect?
You expect he would act like any of your other neighbors.
Is this true? Abnormal behavior is qualitatively different from normal behavior.
No, it is false
A tribe of Indians in the southwestern U.S. use the peyote cactus (which contains an hallucinogen) in their tribal rituals. Why is this normal?
In the context of social norms this would be normal for this group.
Which view of abnormal behavior has a statistical basis and involves the use of psychological tests?
Deviation from statistical average
Which view of abnormal behavior views being normal is equated with a LACK of pathology or maladaptive behavior or an ideal state of being.
Deviation from Ideal
Is this true? Everyone has the potential to develop a disorder or behave abnormally.
Yes, this is true.
Which view of mental illness looks at a person's stress and discomfort?
Sense of subjective discomfort.
The need to consider the unique characteristics of the culture in which a person with a disorder was raised
Disorders which are found only in specific cultures such as Anorexia and Bulimia in the United States.
Culture bound syndromes
What is used in the diagnosis of mental disorders that provides a systematic classification of mental disorders
Chronic worrier who feels anxious most or all of the time and no one thing sets off the anxiety
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Sudden recurring panic attacks, periods of intense fear, feelings of impending doom or death, physiological symptoms such as rapid heart rate and dizziness
a feeling that the world is not real
A loss of sense of personal identity manifested as feeling detached from one's body
An exaggerated, unrealistic fear of a specific situation, activity, or object.
Anxiety disorder that develops after a person has experienced, witnessed, or been confronted with an event that involved the threat of death or serious injury
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
Inability to leave ones house, avoidance of crowds, elevators, busy streets, crowded stores, tunnels, bridges, public transportation
Persistent, irrational fear of performing some specific behavior (such as talking or eating) in the presence of other people
Phobias differ from generalized anxiety or from panic disorder because of this reason.
Phobias have an identifiable triggering stimulus but the others do not
An anxiety disorder in which a person feels trapped in repetitive, persistent thoughts and may engage in repetitive, ritualized behaviors designed to reduce anxiety.
Recurrent, persistent, intrusive ideas, thoughts, or impulses that are commonly of contamination, violence or doubt.
Repetitive, purposeful behaviors which are performed in response to an obsession, according to certain rules, and in a stereotyped fashion
In this disorder a person alternates between periods of mania and periods of depression
Reduced interest in almost all activities, significant weight gain or loss, sleep disturbance, depressed mood, fatigue are all symptoms of what?
Major Depressive Disorder
Is this statement true? Estimates 25% females, 10% males will develop at least one episode of depression in their lives.
Yes, it is true
Imbalances in serotonin and dopamine seem to play a role in which disorder?
Major Depressive Disorder
More talkative than usual with loud, rapid, puns, plays on words and theatrical, dramatic mannerisms along with flight of ideas or racing thoughts are some of the symptoms of which phase of which disorder?
Manic phase of Bipolar Disorder
Disorder in which symptoms of major depression or recurrently follows a seasonal pattern, usually in the winter.
Seasonal Affective Disorder
Personality disorders typically emerge when?
early childhood, usually not later than adolescence
This must be present for a person to be diagnosed with Anti-Social Personality disorder.
pervasive pattern of the violation of the rights of others occurring before age 15
Lying, stealing, manipulating others, violence, a lack of guilt, shame and empathy are some symptoms of this disorder
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Intense but unstable relationships alternating between idealizing and then devaluing another person, fear of abandonment by others, self-destructive behavior, and emotional volatility are typical of which disorder?
Borderline Personality Disorder
Recurring threats of suicide or self-harming behavior, such as cutting are done for what reason in Borderline Personality Disorder?
to reduce anxiety and to manipulate another person and keep them from leaving
A transition from one personality to another, which is usually sudden and often associated with a psychosocial stressor, is a symptom of what?
Dissociative Identity Disorder
A person who has a sudden inability to recall important personal information which begins suddenly, usually following a severe psychosocial stressor most likely has this.
Sudden unexpected travel away from home with assumption of a new identity and an inability to recall ones previous identity indicates which disorder?
What is a common cause of Dissociative Identity Disorder?
Severe trauma during childhood such as extreme abuse
Believe strange and unusual things that aren't true which may be bizarre, inconsistent, unsupportable, or paranoid.
The most common type of hallucination experienced by a Schizophrenic
Voices telling a schizophrenic to do things that they feel they must obey and therefore may be a danger to others
Term for when a schizophrenic's ideas shift from one subject to another completely unrelated or only partially related and may be incoherent and incomprehensible
Evidence that there is a genetic predisposition for schizophrenia comes from
twin studies, when one twin has schizophrenia, the other twin likely has it too
Long history of gradually worsening symptoms which is not in response to stressors and has a poor prognosis for recovery
Sudden onset of symptoms with normal functioning until psychotic break and a good prognosis for recovery
Systematized delusions with frequent auditory hallucinations which may be paranoid or command hallucinations and may have grandiose delusions
Disturbance in motor behavior, catatonia to extreme agitation, may have frenzied attacks, extreme withdrawal
Disturbances in thought, loose associations, clear disturbances in language, grossly disorganized behavior, flat or inappropriate affect
The dopamine hypothesis states that schizophrenia
results from excessive levels of dopamine or over-activity of dopamine neurons
A person's internally based characteristic way of acting and thinking
Hereditary aspects of personality, including sensitivity, moods, irritability, and distractibility
Personal characteristics that have been judged or evaluated
Stable qualities that a person shows in most situations such as introversion or extraversion
Holds repressed memories and emotions and the id's instinctual drives - mental events are unavailable to consciousness
Everything you are aware of at a given moment - what you are thinking, feeling, paying attention to
Material that can easily be brought into awareness - just under the surface of awareness
In the Unconscious mind•Operates on the Pleasure Principle•Wishes to have its desires (pleasurable) satisfied NOW, without waiting and regardless of the consequences•Contains the Libido - sexual in nature
In the Conscious mind•Operates on the Reality Principle•Asks what are the real-world consequences of my actions?
In the Preconscious and Unconscious mind•Operates on the Morality Principle•What is the proper way to behave? •Judge or censor for thoughts and actions of the ego
Anxiety caused by id impulses that the ego can barely control
Anxiety that comes from threats of punishment from the superego
Processes used by the ego to distort reality and protect a person from anxiety
Not being able to recall a threatening situation, person, or event such as not being able to remember a traumatic event from childhood
The redirection of an impulse onto a safer substitute target such as yelling at your children because your boss gave you a hard time at work.
The tendency to see your own unacceptable desires in other people. "It's not me - it's you."
A movement back in psychological time when one is faced with stress. Like adult temper tantrums
Blocking external events from awareness. If a situation is too much to handle, the person refuses to experience it.
The cognitive distortion of "the facts" to make an impulse more acceptable. "I can eat this big gooey piece of chocolate cake because I ate carrots for lunch."
Different parts of the body that are sources of pleasure for the id and can become a source of conflict
The first of Freud's psychosexual stages
Toilet training is the major crisis of this stage
Most controversial of Freud's stages in which he believed children were attracted to their opposite sex parent
Freud's idea that little boys fear that their fathers may retaliate against them for forbidden sexual and aggressive impulses and develop this.
When a girl is attracted to her father and competes with her mother for his attention Freud said she has this.
When a boy feels attracted to his mother and rivalry with his father for his mother's affection
Each person's own repressed thoughts, undeveloped ideas, and forgotten experiences
Memories and behavior patterns inherited from past generations are part
Recurring themes that have been important to humans in many cultures and settings since prehistoric times, such as the concepts of mother, hero, or villain
Archetype that represents your public image
The female aspect present in the collective unconscious of men
The male aspect present in the collective unconscious of women
The dark side of humankind, the evil humans are capable of
Maslow describes this as a person's need to be & do that which the person was "born to do." "A musician must make music, an artist must paint, & a poet must write
When you accept someone - faults and all - regardless of whether or not you like the individual or approve of his or her lifestyle
Unconditional positive regard
When an individual is raised with "conditions of worth" or "if-then" contingencies
Conditional positive regard
When a person lives in harmony with his/her deepest feelings and impulses
Fully functioning person
McCrae and Costa's Five-factor theory is this kind of theory about personality
A psychological test in which a person tells what he/she sees in an inkblot
Rorschach Inkblot Test
A psychological test which asks the subject to tell a story based on a picture
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
Responses to a projective test are thought to reflect this
Unconscious thoughts and feelings
Recommended textbook explanations
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
Psychology: Principles in Practice
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Myers' Psychology for the AP Course
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Bundle: A Concise Introduction To Logic Aplia 1 Term Printed Access Card
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